Increased CTLA-4+ T cells may contribute to impaired T helper type 1 immune responses in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Dino Tan, Teck Hui Teo, Abdul M. Setiawan, Nathanael Ong, Maja Zimmermann, Patricia Price, Lea Ann S Kirkham, Yuben P. Moodley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Impaired T helper type 1 (Th1) function is implicated in the susceptibility of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to respiratory infections, which are common causes of acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD). To understand the underlying mechanisms, we assessed regulatory T (Treg) cells and the expression of an inhibitory T-cell receptor, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4). Cryopreserved peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from patients with AECOPD (n = 17), patients with stable COPD (sCOPD; n = 24) and age-matched healthy non-smoking controls (n = 26) were cultured for 24 hr with brefeldin-A or monensin to detect intracellular or surface CTLA-4 (respectively) by flow cytometry. T cells in PBMC from AECOPD (n = 9), sCOPD (n = 14) and controls (n = 12) were stimulated with anti-CD3 with and without anti-CTLA-4 blocking antibodies and cytokines were quantified by ELISA. Frequencies of circulating T cells expressing intracellular CTLA-4 were higher in sCOPD (P = 0·01), whereas patients with AECOPD had more T cells expressing surface CTLA-4 than healthy controls (P = 0·03). Increased frequencies of surface CTLA-4+ CD4+ T cells and CTLA-4+ Treg cells paralleled increases in plasma soluble tumour necrosis factor receptor-1 levels (r = 0·32, P = 0·01 and r = 0·29, P = 0·02, respectively) in all subjects. Interferon-γ responses to anti-CD3 stimulation were inversely proportional to frequencies of CD4+ T cells expressing intracellular CTLA-4 (r = -0·43, P = 0·01). Moreover, CTLA-4 blockade increased the induction of interferon-γ, tumour necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 in PBMC stimulated with anti-CD3. Overall, chronic inflammation may expand sub-populations of T cells expressing CTLA-4 in COPD patients and therefore impair T-cell function. CTLA-4 blockade may restore Th1 function in patients with COPD and so aid the clearance of bacterial pathogens responsible for AECOPD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-226
JournalImmunology
Volume151
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017

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CTLA-4 Antigen
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
T-Lymphocytes
Regulatory T-Lymphocytes
Blood Cells
Interferons
Costimulatory and Inhibitory T-Cell Receptors
Brefeldin A
Monensin
Blocking Antibodies
Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptors
Respiratory Tract Infections
Interleukin-6
Flow Cytometry

Cite this

Tan, Dino ; Teo, Teck Hui ; Setiawan, Abdul M. ; Ong, Nathanael ; Zimmermann, Maja ; Price, Patricia ; Kirkham, Lea Ann S ; Moodley, Yuben P. / Increased CTLA-4+ T cells may contribute to impaired T helper type 1 immune responses in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In: Immunology. 2017 ; Vol. 151, No. 2. pp. 219-226.
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abstract = "Impaired T helper type 1 (Th1) function is implicated in the susceptibility of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to respiratory infections, which are common causes of acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD). To understand the underlying mechanisms, we assessed regulatory T (Treg) cells and the expression of an inhibitory T-cell receptor, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4). Cryopreserved peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from patients with AECOPD (n = 17), patients with stable COPD (sCOPD; n = 24) and age-matched healthy non-smoking controls (n = 26) were cultured for 24 hr with brefeldin-A or monensin to detect intracellular or surface CTLA-4 (respectively) by flow cytometry. T cells in PBMC from AECOPD (n = 9), sCOPD (n = 14) and controls (n = 12) were stimulated with anti-CD3 with and without anti-CTLA-4 blocking antibodies and cytokines were quantified by ELISA. Frequencies of circulating T cells expressing intracellular CTLA-4 were higher in sCOPD (P = 0·01), whereas patients with AECOPD had more T cells expressing surface CTLA-4 than healthy controls (P = 0·03). Increased frequencies of surface CTLA-4+ CD4+ T cells and CTLA-4+ Treg cells paralleled increases in plasma soluble tumour necrosis factor receptor-1 levels (r = 0·32, P = 0·01 and r = 0·29, P = 0·02, respectively) in all subjects. Interferon-γ responses to anti-CD3 stimulation were inversely proportional to frequencies of CD4+ T cells expressing intracellular CTLA-4 (r = -0·43, P = 0·01). Moreover, CTLA-4 blockade increased the induction of interferon-γ, tumour necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 in PBMC stimulated with anti-CD3. Overall, chronic inflammation may expand sub-populations of T cells expressing CTLA-4 in COPD patients and therefore impair T-cell function. CTLA-4 blockade may restore Th1 function in patients with COPD and so aid the clearance of bacterial pathogens responsible for AECOPD.",
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Increased CTLA-4+ T cells may contribute to impaired T helper type 1 immune responses in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. / Tan, Dino; Teo, Teck Hui; Setiawan, Abdul M.; Ong, Nathanael; Zimmermann, Maja; Price, Patricia; Kirkham, Lea Ann S; Moodley, Yuben P.

In: Immunology, Vol. 151, No. 2, 06.2017, p. 219-226.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Increased CTLA-4+ T cells may contribute to impaired T helper type 1 immune responses in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

AU - Tan, Dino

AU - Teo, Teck Hui

AU - Setiawan, Abdul M.

AU - Ong, Nathanael

AU - Zimmermann, Maja

AU - Price, Patricia

AU - Kirkham, Lea Ann S

AU - Moodley, Yuben P.

PY - 2017/6

Y1 - 2017/6

N2 - Impaired T helper type 1 (Th1) function is implicated in the susceptibility of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to respiratory infections, which are common causes of acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD). To understand the underlying mechanisms, we assessed regulatory T (Treg) cells and the expression of an inhibitory T-cell receptor, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4). Cryopreserved peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from patients with AECOPD (n = 17), patients with stable COPD (sCOPD; n = 24) and age-matched healthy non-smoking controls (n = 26) were cultured for 24 hr with brefeldin-A or monensin to detect intracellular or surface CTLA-4 (respectively) by flow cytometry. T cells in PBMC from AECOPD (n = 9), sCOPD (n = 14) and controls (n = 12) were stimulated with anti-CD3 with and without anti-CTLA-4 blocking antibodies and cytokines were quantified by ELISA. Frequencies of circulating T cells expressing intracellular CTLA-4 were higher in sCOPD (P = 0·01), whereas patients with AECOPD had more T cells expressing surface CTLA-4 than healthy controls (P = 0·03). Increased frequencies of surface CTLA-4+ CD4+ T cells and CTLA-4+ Treg cells paralleled increases in plasma soluble tumour necrosis factor receptor-1 levels (r = 0·32, P = 0·01 and r = 0·29, P = 0·02, respectively) in all subjects. Interferon-γ responses to anti-CD3 stimulation were inversely proportional to frequencies of CD4+ T cells expressing intracellular CTLA-4 (r = -0·43, P = 0·01). Moreover, CTLA-4 blockade increased the induction of interferon-γ, tumour necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 in PBMC stimulated with anti-CD3. Overall, chronic inflammation may expand sub-populations of T cells expressing CTLA-4 in COPD patients and therefore impair T-cell function. CTLA-4 blockade may restore Th1 function in patients with COPD and so aid the clearance of bacterial pathogens responsible for AECOPD.

AB - Impaired T helper type 1 (Th1) function is implicated in the susceptibility of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to respiratory infections, which are common causes of acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD). To understand the underlying mechanisms, we assessed regulatory T (Treg) cells and the expression of an inhibitory T-cell receptor, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4). Cryopreserved peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from patients with AECOPD (n = 17), patients with stable COPD (sCOPD; n = 24) and age-matched healthy non-smoking controls (n = 26) were cultured for 24 hr with brefeldin-A or monensin to detect intracellular or surface CTLA-4 (respectively) by flow cytometry. T cells in PBMC from AECOPD (n = 9), sCOPD (n = 14) and controls (n = 12) were stimulated with anti-CD3 with and without anti-CTLA-4 blocking antibodies and cytokines were quantified by ELISA. Frequencies of circulating T cells expressing intracellular CTLA-4 were higher in sCOPD (P = 0·01), whereas patients with AECOPD had more T cells expressing surface CTLA-4 than healthy controls (P = 0·03). Increased frequencies of surface CTLA-4+ CD4+ T cells and CTLA-4+ Treg cells paralleled increases in plasma soluble tumour necrosis factor receptor-1 levels (r = 0·32, P = 0·01 and r = 0·29, P = 0·02, respectively) in all subjects. Interferon-γ responses to anti-CD3 stimulation were inversely proportional to frequencies of CD4+ T cells expressing intracellular CTLA-4 (r = -0·43, P = 0·01). Moreover, CTLA-4 blockade increased the induction of interferon-γ, tumour necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 in PBMC stimulated with anti-CD3. Overall, chronic inflammation may expand sub-populations of T cells expressing CTLA-4 in COPD patients and therefore impair T-cell function. CTLA-4 blockade may restore Th1 function in patients with COPD and so aid the clearance of bacterial pathogens responsible for AECOPD.

KW - Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

KW - Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

KW - Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4

KW - Regulatory T cells

KW - T cells

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U2 - 10.1111/imm.12725

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