Including environmental and climatic considerations for sustainable coral reef restoration

Heidi L. Burdett, Rebecca Albright, Gavin L. Foster, Tali Mass, Tessa M. Page, Buki Rinkevich, Verena Schoepf, Jacob Silverman, Nicholas A. Kamenos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Coral reefs provide ecosystem benefits to millions of people but are threatened by rapid environmental change and ever-increasing human pressures. Restoration is becoming a priority strategy for coral reef conservation, yet implementation remains challenging and it is becoming increasingly apparent that indirect conservation and restoration approaches will not ensure the long-term sustainability of coral reefs. The important role of environmental conditions in restoration practice are currently undervalued, carrying substantial implications for restoration success. Giving paramount importance to environmental conditions, particularly during the pre-restoration planning phase, has the potential to bring about considerable improvements in coral reef restoration and innovation. This Essay argues that restoration risk may be reduced by adopting an environmentally aware perspective that gives historical, contemporary, and future context to restoration decisions. Such an approach will open up new restoration opportunities with improved sustainability that have the capacity to dynamically respond to environmental trajectories.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere3002542
Number of pages17
JournalPLoS Biology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 19 Mar 2024


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