Incidence of factor XII deficiency in critically ill patients with a prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time: a prospective observational study

Lipi Mishra, David Lee, Kwok M. Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Limited data is available on factor XII deficiency in critically ill patients with prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT). The association of factor XII deficiency with an increased risk of thromboembolism is unclear. This prospective observational study assessed the incidence of factor XII deficiency among critically ill patients with prolonged aPTT (>40 s), whether factor XII deficiency manifesting as prolonged aPTT was associated with an increased risk of thromboembolism, and clotting time on a viscoelastic (ROTEM) test was useful to predict factor XII deficiency. Of the 40 included patients, 48% [95% confidence interval (CI) 33-63) had a factor XII deficiency (mean ± standard deviation of factor XII level of all patients: 54% ± 29%). Factor XII levels were not significantly correlated with the measured aPTT ( r  = -0.163, P  = 0.315). Factor XII deficiency was significantly more common in patients who were less critically ill ( P  = 0.027), but it was not significantly related to Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation scores ( P  = 0.567). The incidence of symptomatic venous thromboembolism ( P  = 0.246), allogeneic blood transfusion ( P  = 0.816), and hospital mortality ( P  = 0.201) were not significantly different between those with and without factor XII deficiency. The clotting time on the viscoelastic test was not predictive of factor XII deficiency (area under the receiver-operating characteristic = 0.605, P  = 0.264). Factor XII deficiency was common in critically ill patients with a prolonged aPTT. There was no association between factor XII deficiency and risk of thromboembolism. The clotting time on ROTEM was not predictive of the presence of factor XII deficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-369
Number of pages6
JournalBlood coagulation & fibrinolysis : an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2023

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