In situ mapping of ion distribution profiles and gene expression reveals interactions between hypoxia and Mn2+/Fe2+ availability in barley roots

Feifei Wang, Zhenxiang Zhou, Rong Liu, Yangyang Gu, Song Chen, Rugen Xu, Zhong Hua Chen, Sergey Shabala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Flooding stress affects soil properties thus altering the availability, uptake, and transport of mineral nutrients in plant roots. Flooding stress also increases the amount of soluble Mn2+ and Fe2+ in the soil and their uptake by plants, causing elemental toxicity. However, as oxygen profiles in plant roots are not uniform, it is still unclear how soil flooding will affect Mn2+/Fe2+ absorption and distribution in different cell types and tissues. In this study, waterlogging sensitive barley variety NasoNijo (NN) and tolerant variety TX9425 (TX) were exposed to hypoxia, metal (Mn2+ and Fe2+), and combined hypoxia + metal treatment to map the in situ ion profiles at different regions of barley root. We found that combined hypoxia and metal stress causes significantly more reduction in plant biomass compared with the single submergence or metal stress. Despite this, more Fe and Mn were accumulated under metal stress condition than those under combined stress, regardless of variety. Cultivar NN absorbed more Fe and Mn than TX in the cortical cells of the root meristem and in the mature zone under metal stress which was also verified by histochemical detection. In the mature zone, the expressions of Fe and Mn transporter genes including HvADPRibase-Mn (Manganese-dependent ADP-ribose), HvZIP1 (zinc-regulated transporter /Fe-regulated transporter-like protein 1), HvYS1 (yellow stripe 1), HvNRAMP5 (Natural Resistance-Associated Macrophage Protein 5) were significantly downregulated under all three treatments in both barley varieties except HvADPRibase-Mn HvZIP1 cortex of TX were unchanged under metal stress. Interestingly, the transcripts of HvMTP1 (metal tolerance protein 1) were significantly downregulated by metal and combined stress in stele and upregulated by hypoxia and metal stress in cortex of TX, but not affected in NN. It is concluded that Fe and Mn absorption involving HvMTP1is associated with the extent of waterlogging tolerance in barley.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111607
Pages (from-to)111607
Number of pages1
JournalPlant science : an international journal of experimental plant biology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2023

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