Can Australian equity returns be modelled by 'home-grown' factors? We examine the indigenous capital asset pricing model, the indigenous Fama-French three-factor model, and extensions to the latter, and find them all wanting. We find evidence of domestic market segmentation in Australia. For the smallest firms, all the models we study fail. For the largest Australian firms, we find that the US Fama-French three factors (downloaded from French's website: http://mba.tuck.dartmouth.edu/pages/faculty/ken.french/) provide a successful model of Australian returns. It is as if the largest firms in the Australian market are simply part of the larger US market.