Improving predictions of the coastal impacts of wave farms using a phase-resolving wave model

Dirk P. Rijnsdorp, Jeff Hansen, Ryan Lowe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperConference paperpeer-review


Commensurate with their extraction of energy, farms
of Wave Energy Converters (WECs) may significantly alter wave
fields in their lee, and as a result, potentially impact an adjacent
shoreline. Most previous studies to assess the coastal impact of
wave farms have used phase-averaged wave models, which do not
fully represent all relevant physical processes (e.g., diffraction and
the wave-WEC interactions) that may in turn result in unrealistic
downstream effects. Although a more advanced method has been
developed based on the mild-slope equations, this technique is
inherently limited to linear waves over mildly sloping beaches. In
this work we set out to develop a fully nonlinear phase-resolving
wave model to accurately resolve both the nonlinear evolution of
waves in an arbitrary coastal region, and the wave-WEC and
WEC-WEC interactions. A comparison of results of the new
model with a potential flow solution shows that the model can
accurately simulate the wave-induced response of a submerged
device. Furthermore, we demonstrate the models application to
study the downstream impact of a WEC and illustrate its
advantages over phase-averaged models. These results illustrate
that the developed approach provides a promising new alternative
to predict the coastal impact of a wave farm.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 12th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event12th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference - Cork, Ireland, United Kingdom
Duration: 27 Aug 20171 Sept 2017


Conference12th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
CityCork, Ireland
Internet address


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