Improving predictions of nearshore wave dynamics and coastal impacts using Smooth Particle Hydrodynamic models

Ryan J. Lowe, Mark L. Buckley, Corrado Altomare, Dirk P. Rijnsdorp, Tomohiro Suzuki, Jeremy Bricker

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference presentation/ephemera

Abstract

In this study we assess the capabilities of the mesh-free, Lagrangian particle method (Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics, SPH) method to simulate the detailed hydrodynamic processes generated by both spilling and plunging breaking waves within the surf zone, and present how the approach can be used to predict a broad spectrum of hydrodynamic processes relevant to coastal applications where wave breaking is important. The weakly-compressible SPH code DualSPHysics was applied to simulate wave breaking over two bathymetric profiles (a plane beach and fringing reef) and compared to experimental flume measurements of waves, currents, and mean water levels. We demonstrate how the model can accurately reproduce a broad range of relevant hydrodynamic processes, ranging from the nonlinear evolution of wave shapes across the surfzone, wave setup distributions, mean current profiles and wave runup. We compare the surfzone predictions with results from other classes of wave models, and illustrate some of the advantages of the SPH approach (particularly in resolving the hydrodynamics above the wave trough). Overall, the results reveal how the mesh-free SPH approach can accurately reproduce the detailed wave breaking processes with comparable skill to state-of-the-art mesh-based Computational Fluid Dynamic models, and how it can be used as a valuable tool to develop new physical insight into surf zone processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages790-796
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
EventAustralasian Coasts and Ports 2019 Conference - Hobart, Australia
Duration: 10 Sep 201913 Sep 2019

Conference

ConferenceAustralasian Coasts and Ports 2019 Conference
CountryAustralia
CityHobart
Period10/09/1913/09/19

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Hydrodynamics
Reefs
Water levels
Beaches
Dynamic models
Computational fluid dynamics

Cite this

Lowe, R. J., Buckley, M. L., Altomare, C., Rijnsdorp, D. P., Suzuki, T., & Bricker, J. (2019). Improving predictions of nearshore wave dynamics and coastal impacts using Smooth Particle Hydrodynamic models. 790-796. Paper presented at Australasian Coasts and Ports 2019 Conference, Hobart, Australia.
Lowe, Ryan J. ; Buckley, Mark L. ; Altomare, Corrado ; Rijnsdorp, Dirk P. ; Suzuki, Tomohiro ; Bricker, Jeremy. / Improving predictions of nearshore wave dynamics and coastal impacts using Smooth Particle Hydrodynamic models. Paper presented at Australasian Coasts and Ports 2019 Conference, Hobart, Australia.7 p.
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Lowe, RJ, Buckley, ML, Altomare, C, Rijnsdorp, DP, Suzuki, T & Bricker, J 2019, 'Improving predictions of nearshore wave dynamics and coastal impacts using Smooth Particle Hydrodynamic models' Paper presented at Australasian Coasts and Ports 2019 Conference, Hobart, Australia, 10/09/19 - 13/09/19, pp. 790-796.

Improving predictions of nearshore wave dynamics and coastal impacts using Smooth Particle Hydrodynamic models. / Lowe, Ryan J.; Buckley, Mark L.; Altomare, Corrado; Rijnsdorp, Dirk P.; Suzuki, Tomohiro; Bricker, Jeremy.

2019. 790-796 Paper presented at Australasian Coasts and Ports 2019 Conference, Hobart, Australia.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference presentation/ephemera

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AU - Buckley, Mark L.

AU - Altomare, Corrado

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AU - Suzuki, Tomohiro

AU - Bricker, Jeremy

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AB - In this study we assess the capabilities of the mesh-free, Lagrangian particle method (Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics, SPH) method to simulate the detailed hydrodynamic processes generated by both spilling and plunging breaking waves within the surf zone, and present how the approach can be used to predict a broad spectrum of hydrodynamic processes relevant to coastal applications where wave breaking is important. The weakly-compressible SPH code DualSPHysics was applied to simulate wave breaking over two bathymetric profiles (a plane beach and fringing reef) and compared to experimental flume measurements of waves, currents, and mean water levels. We demonstrate how the model can accurately reproduce a broad range of relevant hydrodynamic processes, ranging from the nonlinear evolution of wave shapes across the surfzone, wave setup distributions, mean current profiles and wave runup. We compare the surfzone predictions with results from other classes of wave models, and illustrate some of the advantages of the SPH approach (particularly in resolving the hydrodynamics above the wave trough). Overall, the results reveal how the mesh-free SPH approach can accurately reproduce the detailed wave breaking processes with comparable skill to state-of-the-art mesh-based Computational Fluid Dynamic models, and how it can be used as a valuable tool to develop new physical insight into surf zone processes.

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KW - Wave breaking

KW - Wave transformation

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Lowe RJ, Buckley ML, Altomare C, Rijnsdorp DP, Suzuki T, Bricker J. Improving predictions of nearshore wave dynamics and coastal impacts using Smooth Particle Hydrodynamic models. 2019. Paper presented at Australasian Coasts and Ports 2019 Conference, Hobart, Australia.