Improving bioavailability of phosphorous from cattle dung by using phosphatase immobilized on natural clay and nanoclay

Marcela Calabi-Floody, Gabriela Velásquez, Liliana Gianfreda, Surinder Saggar, Nanthi Bolan, Cornelia Rumpel, María Luz Mora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The high P retention of acidic Andisols makes necessary to increase our technological approaches in pasture management in the animal system production. Here, we evaluated the clay- or nanoclay-acid phosphatase complexes for improving phosphorus mineralization from degraded cattle dung. We implemented an immobilization mechanism of acid phosphatase (AP) using natural clays (allophanic and montmorillonite) and nanoclays as support materials. Also, we evaluated the mineralization of organic P containing in decomposed cattle dung with clay- and nanoclay-AP complexes by incubation studies. Clays and nanoclays were characterized by microscopy techniques as atomic force and confocal-laser scanning microscopy. We found that these support materials stabilized AP by encapsulation. Our results showed that immobilization on allophanic or montmorillonite materials improved both the specific activity (4-48%) and the Vmax (28-38%) of AP. Moreover, the enzyme had a better performance when immobilized on clay and nanoclay from Andisol than on montmorillonite materials. Phosphorous mineralization of cattle dung was regulated by water-soluble P present in the dung and P re-adsorption on allophanic materials. However, we were able to detect a potential capacity of AP immobilized on allophanic nanoclays as the best alternative for P mineralization. Further research with initially low water-soluble P containing organic materials is required to quantify the P mineralization potential and bioavailability of P from dung.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)648-655
Number of pages8
JournalChemosphere
Volume89
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012
Externally publishedYes

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