Importance of second-order wave generation for focused wave group run-up and overtopping

Jana Orszaghova, Paul Taylor, Alistair G L Borthwick, Alison C. Raby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)
36 Downloads (Pure)


Focused wave groups offer a means for coastal engineers to determine extreme run-up and overtopping events. Numerical predictions and laboratory measurements are presented for NewWave-type focused wave groups generated by a piston-type paddle generator, and interacting with a plane beach and a seawall in a wave basin. The numerical wave tank is based on the Boussinesq equations for non-breaking waves, and the non-linear shallow water equations for broken waves. Good agreement is achieved between the numerical predictions and laboratory measurements of free surface elevation, run-up distances and overtopping volumes for the test cases driven by linear paddle signals. Errors in run-up distance and overtopping volume are then assessed by repeating the test cases using second-order accurate wave generation signals. Focused wave groups generated using first-order wave-maker theory are found to be substantially contaminated by a preceding long error wave, resulting in erroneously enhanced run-up distances and overtopping volumes. Thus, the use of second-order wave-maker theory for wave group run-up and overtopping experiments is instead recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-79
Number of pages17
JournalCoastal Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


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