Importance of plaque volume and composition for the prediction of myocardial ischaemia using sequential coronary computed tomography angiography/positron emission tomography imaging

Xu Wang, Inge J. van den Hoogen, Steele C. Butcher, Jurrien H. Kuneman, Michiel A. de Graaf, Vasileios Kamperidis, Mark Boukes, Teemu Maaniitty, Jussi Schultz, Alexander R. van Rosendael, Antti Saraste, Juhani Knuuti, Jeroen J. Bax

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Aims Coronary atherosclerosis with a large necrotic core has been postulated to reduce the vasodilatory capacity of vascular tissue. In the present analysis, we explored whether total plaque volume and necrotic core volume on coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) are independently associated with myocardial ischaemia on positron emission tomography (PET). Methods and results From a registry of symptomatic patients with suspected coronary artery disease and clinically indicated CCTA with sequential [O-15]H2O PET myocardial perfusion imaging, we quantitatively measured diameter stenosis, total and compositional plaque volumes on CCTA. Primary endpoint was myocardial ischaemia on PET, defined as an absolute stress myocardial blood flow = 1 segment. Multivariable prediction models for myocardial ischaemia were consecutively created using logistic regression analysis (stenosis model: diameter stenosis >= 50%; plaque volume model: +total plaque volume; plaque composition model: +necrotic core volume). A total of 493 patients (mean age 63 +/- 8 years, 54% men) underwent sequential CCTA/PET imaging. In 153 (31%) patients, myocardial ischaemia was detected on PET. Diameter stenosis >= 50% (P < 0.001) and necrotic core volume (P = 0.029) were independently associated with myocardial ischaemia, while total plaque volume showed borderline significance (P = 0.052). The plaque composition model (chi(2) = 169) provided incremental value for the prediction of ischaemia when compared with the stenosis model (chi(2) = 138, P < 0.001) and plaque volume model (chi(2) = 164, P = 0.021). Conclusion The volume of necrotic core on CCTA independently and incrementally predicts myocardial ischaemia on PET, beyond diameter stenosis alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)776-784
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Volume24
Issue number6
Early online date1 Sept 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2023
Externally publishedYes

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