Implications of working from home for transportation: perspectives, policies and prospects: Literature review

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Abstract

The drastic social distancing and travel restriction measures imposed during the COVID-19 pandemic resemble a large-scale natural experiment on the changes of travelling behaviour and adaptation in the presence of an unexpected health shock. In this paper several opportunities and challenges of working-from-home (WFH) practices are discussed; with a focus on the reduction of travel demand and pressure on constrained transport networks. Findings for Australia indicate the combined effects of heightened concern related to public transport hygiene, vehicle capacity limits complying with social-distancing requirements, and a generally positive experience associated with WFH are expected to lead to a higher level of WFH compared with pre-pandemic levels. Since all perceived benefits and costs of WFH vary considerably across occupations, age, gender and income groups, policy makers need to account for the Australian economy’s industrial and demographic composition in any long term strategies designed to achieve an optimal level of WFH and sustainable public transport systems.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationPerth
PublisherPlanning and Transport Research Centre (PATREC)
Commissioning bodyDepartment of Transport (Western Australia)
Number of pages22
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021
EventAustralasian Transport Research Forum 2021 - Brisbane, Australia
Duration: 8 Dec 202112 Dec 2021

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