Impact of severe plastic deformation on kinetics and thermodynamics of hydrogen storage in magnesium and its alloys

Kaveh Edalati, Etsuo Akiba, Walter J. Botta, Yuri Estrin, Ricardo Floriano, Daniel Fruchart, Thierry Grosdidier, Zenji Horita, Jacques Huot, Hai Wen Li, Huai Jun Lin, Ádám Révész, Michael J. Zehetbauer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)


Magnesium and its alloys are the most investigated materials for solid-state hydrogen storage in the form of metal hydrides, but there are still unresolved problems with the kinetics and thermodynamics of hydrogenation and dehydrogenation of this group of materials. Severe plastic deformation (SPD) methods, such as equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP), high-pressure torsion (HPT), intensive rolling, and fast forging, have been widely used to enhance the activation, air resistance, and hydrogenation/dehydrogenation kinetics of Mg-based hydrogen storage materials by introducing ultrafine/nanoscale grains and crystal lattice defects. These severely deformed materials, particularly in the presence of alloying additives or second-phase nanoparticles, can show not only fast hydrogen absorption/desorption kinetics but also good cycling stability. It was shown that some materials that are apparently inert to hydrogen can absorb hydrogen after SPD processing. Moreover, the SPD methods were effectively used for hydrogen binding-energy engineering and synthesizing new magnesium alloys with low thermodynamic stability for reversible low/room-temperature hydrogen storage, such as nanoglasses, high-entropy alloys, and metastable phases including the high-pressure γ-MgH2 polymorph. This work reviews recent advances in the development of Mg-based hydrogen storage materials by SPD processing and discusses their potential in future applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-239
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Materials Science and Technology
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2023


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