Impact of Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction on Clinical Outcomes in Bicuspid Aortic Valve Disease

Sebastien Hecht, Steele C. Butcher, Stephan M. Pio, William K. F. Kong, Gurpreet K. Singh, Arnold C. T. Ng, Rebecca Perry, Kian Keong Poh, Ana G. Almeida, Ariana Gonzalez, Mylene Shen, Tiong Cheng Yeo, Miriam Shanks, Bogdan A. Popescu, Laura Galian Gay, Marcin Fijalkowski, Michael Liang, Edgar Tay, Nina Ajmone Marsan, Joseph SelvanayagamFausto Pinto, Jose L. Zamorano, Arturo Evangelista, Victoria Delgado, Jeroen J. Bax, Philippe Pibarot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND The prognostic impact of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) disease has not been previously studied. & nbsp; OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine the prognostic impact of LVEF in BAV patients according to the type of aortic valve dysfunction. & nbsp; METHODS We retrospectively analyzed the data collected in 2,672 patients included in an international registry of patients with BAV. Patients were classified according to the type of aortic valve dysfunction: isolated aortic stenosis (AS) (n = 749), isolated aortic regurgitation (AR) (n = 554), mixed aortic valve disease (MAVD) (n = 190), or no significant aortic valve dysfunction (n =1,179; excluded from this analysis). The study population was divided according to LVEF strata to investigate its impact on clinical outcomes. & nbsp; RESULTS The risk of all-cause mortality and the composite endpoint of aortic valve replacement or repair (AVR) and all-cause mortality increased when LVEF was < 60% in the whole cohort as well as in the AS and AR groups, and when LVEF was < 55% in MAVD group. In multivariable analysis, LVEF strata were significantly associated with increased rate of mortality (LVEF 50%-59%: HR: 1.83 [95% CI: 1.09-3.07]; P = 0.022; LVEF 30%-49%: HR: 1.97 [95% CI: 1.13-3.41]; P = 0.016; LVEF < 30%: HR: 4.20 [95% CI: 2.01-8.75]; P < 0.001; vs LVEF 60%-70%, reference group). & nbsp; CONCLUSIONS In BAV patients, the risk of adverse clinical outcomes increases significantly when the LVEF is < 60%. These findings suggest that LVEF cutoff values proposed in the guidelines to indicate intervention should be raised from 50% to 60% in AS or AR and 55% in MAVD. (J Am Coll Cardiol 2022;80:1071 & ndash;1084) (c) 2022 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1071-1084
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 13 Sep 2022


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