Immunophenotyping was introduced into diagnostic pathology over 30 years ago to assist in the diagnosis and classification of lymphoproliferative disorders. Today the role of immunophenotyping has been expanded beyond this to include the detection of markers of prognosis, determination of disease phenotypes associated with specific chromosomal abnormalities, detection of targets for immunotherapy and to monitor residual disease. Immunoperoxidase detection methods remain the most popular in histopathology, whilst flow cytometry is most commonly applied for haematological samples. The range of monoclonal antibodies available, including those which work in routinely performed tissue specimens, continues to increase. This is in part a result of gene expression studies identifying precise genetic signatures for certain lymphoproliferative disorders and the generation of new protein markers to gene products of upregulated genes. This review summarises the current status and applications of immunophenotyping in the assessment of many of the lymphoid malignancies.