Imaging flow cytometric detection of del(17p) in bone marrow and circulating plasma cells in multiple myeloma

Thomas Mincherton, Stephanie J. Lam, Sarah Clarke, Henry Hui, Jacques Malherbe, Hun Chuah, M. Hasib Sidiqi, Kathy Fuller, Wendy Erber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Detection of del(17p) in myeloma is generally performed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) on a slide with analysis of up to 200 nuclei. The small cell sample analyzed makes this a low precision test. We report the utility of an automated FISH method, called "immuno-flowFISH", to detect plasma cells with adverse prognostic risk del(17p) in bone marrow and blood samples of patients with myeloma. METHODS: Bone marrow (n = 31) and blood (n = 19) samples from 35 patients with myeloma were analyzed using immuno-flowFISH. Plasma cells were identified by CD38/CD138-immunophenotypic gating and assessed for the 17p locus and centromere of chromosome 17. Cells were acquired on an AMNIS ImageStreamX MkII imaging flow cytometer using INSPIRE software. RESULTS: Chromosome 17 abnormalities were identified in CD38/CD138-positive cells in bone marrow (6/31) and blood (4/19) samples when the percent plasma cell burden ranged from 0.03% to 100% of cells. Abnormalities could be identified in 14.5%-100% of plasma cells. CONCLUSIONS: The "immuno-flowFISH" imaging flow cytometric method could detect del(17p) in plasma cells in both bone marrow and blood samples of myeloma patients. This method was also able to detect gains and losses of chromosome 17, which are also of prognostic significance. The lowest levels of 0.009% (bone marrow) and 0.001% (blood) for chromosome 17 abnormalities was below the detection limit of current FISH method. This method offers potential as a new means of identifying these prognostically important chromosomal defects, even when only rare cells are present and for serial disease monitoring.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)495-502
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Laboratory Hematology
Volume46
Issue number3
Early online dateFeb 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Feb 2024

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