Ignition and combustion characteristics of single droplets of a crude glycerol in comparison with pure glycerol, petroleum diesel, biodiesel and ethanol

Hendrix Y. Setyawan, Mingming Zhu, Zhezi Zhang, Dongke Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)
270 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The ignition and combustion characteristics of single droplets of a crude glycerol were experimentally studied and compared with those of pure glycerol, a petroleum diesel, a biodiesel, and ethanol. A single fuel droplet was suspended at the tip of a silicon carbide fibre undergoing heating, ignition and combustion in an electrically heated horizontal tube furnace at an air temperature ranging from 948 K to 1048 K. The ignition and combustion behaviour of the droplet were recorded using a CCD camera. Ignition delay time, total combustion time, burning rate, and flame standoff ratio were estimated. At a same temperature, the ignition delay time and total combustion time followed the order of pure glycerol > crude glycerol > ethanol > biodiesel > diesel, while the burning rate followed the order of crude glycerol > diesel > biodiesel > ethanol > pure glycerol, suggesting that the impurities, mainly water and methanol, had a profound influence on the combustion characteristics of crude glycerol. The flame standoff ratio slightly decreased after ignition but continuously increased with time afterwards for the crude glycerol and remained almost unchanged for the pure glycerol, indicating the significant influence of impurities on the quasi-steadiness of the flame.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-159
Number of pages7
JournalEnergy
Volume113
Early online date18 Jul 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2016

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Ignition and combustion characteristics of single droplets of a crude glycerol in comparison with pure glycerol, petroleum diesel, biodiesel and ethanol'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this