Identification of PLCL1 Gene for Hip Bone Size Variation in Females in a Genome-Wide Association Study

Y-Z. Liu, Scott Wilson, L. Wang, X-G. Liu, Y-F. Guo, J. Li, H. Yan, P. Deloukas, N. Soranzo, U. Chinnapen-Horsley, A. Cervino, F.M. Williams, D-H. Xiong, Y-P. Zhang, T-B. Jin, S. Levy, C.J. Papasian, B.M. Drees, J.J. Hamilton, R.R. ReckerT.D. Spector, H-W. Deng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Osteoporosis, the most prevalent metabolic bone disease among older people, increases risk for low trauma hip fractures (HF) that are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Hip bone size (BS) has been identified as one of the key measurable risk factors for HF. Although hip BS is highly genetically determined, genetic factors underlying the trait are still poorly defined. Here, we performed the first genome-wide association study (GWAS) of hip BS interrogating ~380,000 SNPs on the Affymetrix platform in 1,000 homogeneous unrelated Caucasian subjects, including 501 females and 499 males. We identified a gene, PLCL1 (phospholipase c-like 1), that had four SNPs associated with hip BS at, or approaching, a genome-wide significance level in our female subjects; the most significant SNP, rs7595412, achieved a p value of 3.72×10−7. The gene's importance to hip BS was replicated using the Illumina genotyping platform in an independent UK cohort containing 1,216 Caucasian females. Two SNPs of the PLCL1 gene, rs892515 and rs9789480, surrounded by the four SNPs identified in our GWAS, achieved p values of 8.62×10−3 and 2.44×10−3, respectively, for association with hip BS. Imputation analyses on our GWAS and the UK samples further confirmed the replication signals; eight SNPs of the gene achieved combined imputed p values
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)online - approx 5-20pp
JournalPLoS One
Volume3
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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