We have identified a region of the human TNF-alpha promoter between nucleotides -323 and -285, capable of influencing transcriptional activity. This region encompasses the -308 polymorphism and contains a 10 bp sequence homologous to the consensus binding site of activator protein-2 (AP-2). Protein complexes derived from U937 and Jurkat cells were found to bind to this element. Competitive EMSA using a consensus AP-2 oligonucleotide indicated that AP-2 may be involved. Functional assays demonstrate that this region can repress activity of a heterologous promoter in the Jurkat T-cell line, but act as an inducible enhancer of transcription in U937 cells.
|Journal||Biochemistry and Molecular Biology International|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|