Hydrogen sulfide modulates ascorbate-glutathione system, osmolytes production, nutrient content and yield responses under salt stress in wheat

Sarika Kumari, Harmanjit Kaur, Ayushi Jain, Sofi J. Hussain, Manzer H. Siddiqui, M. Iqbal R. Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Climatic perturbations have led to the prevalence of abiotic stresses in the environment. With this regard, salt stress imposed adversities are one of the major global challenges in the attainment of sustainable development goals (SDGs) pertaining to crop production. Strategies to cope with salt-induced detrimental impacts through the implementation of gaso-signaling molecules including hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been gaining immense appraisal in recent years. Since H2S plays pivotal roles in regulating plant physiological processes including seed germination-to-maturation, senescence and defense-induced responses; it has been the center of attention for many researchers. However, despite its vast potential in the plant system, the role of H2S in inducing salt tolerance mechanisms in staple crops including Triticum aestivum (wheat) still remains ambiguous and needs further investigations to scrutinize the underlying mechanisms. Thus, in the present investigation, we attempt to determine the impact of H2S application on wheat plants exposed to salt stress conditions. The present study revealed that the H2S application synergistically modulated ascorbate-glutathione (AsA-GSH) system, osmolyte accumulation, stomatal dynamics, nutrient levels, source-sink and photosynthesis-related traits in salt stressed wheat plants. The analyzed traits were found correlated with the enhanced growth and yield components, which resulted in improved salt tolerance in H2S-treated plants. Further, recent findings would also aid in elucidating the potential role of H2S as a significant salt stress-alleviator, and could be implicated as an important crop management strategy to cope up with salt-induced toxicity, which is quite prevalent in natural field conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)295-308
Number of pages14
JournalSouth African Journal of Botany
Volume160
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

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