TY - JOUR

T1 - Hydrodynamic coefficients of a yawed square cylinder in oscillatory flows

AU - Lou, X.

AU - Zhou, T.

AU - Cheng, L.

PY - 2017/1/15

Y1 - 2017/1/15

N2 - The effect of yaw angle (α) on hydrodynamic forces and vortex shedding regime classification of a square cylinder oscillating in still water is examined. The Independent Principle (IP), which states that the Strouhal number and the drag coefficient are independent of α if the normal velocity component is used, was examined in oscillatory flows. Hydrodynamic forces were measured over a Keulegan-Carpenter number (KC) range of 3–30 and a Stokes parameter (β) range of 500–1600. For KC=8-20, the drag coefficient at α=45° is about 46% higher than that at α=0°, indicating the invalidity of the IP in oscillatory flow over this KC range. The inertia coefficient decreases with the increase of the yaw angle, except for KC=8–20, where the sudden drop in the distribution is absent at α=45°. Apart from this KC range, the inertia coefficient follows the IP better than the drag coefficient does. In addition, the lift coefficient increases with the increase of cylinder yaw angle. The results of the lift force spectra and the lift coefficients imply that the existence of the cylinder yaw angle has an intensified effect on the vortex shedding process around a square cylinder in oscillatory flows.

AB - The effect of yaw angle (α) on hydrodynamic forces and vortex shedding regime classification of a square cylinder oscillating in still water is examined. The Independent Principle (IP), which states that the Strouhal number and the drag coefficient are independent of α if the normal velocity component is used, was examined in oscillatory flows. Hydrodynamic forces were measured over a Keulegan-Carpenter number (KC) range of 3–30 and a Stokes parameter (β) range of 500–1600. For KC=8-20, the drag coefficient at α=45° is about 46% higher than that at α=0°, indicating the invalidity of the IP in oscillatory flow over this KC range. The inertia coefficient decreases with the increase of the yaw angle, except for KC=8–20, where the sudden drop in the distribution is absent at α=45°. Apart from this KC range, the inertia coefficient follows the IP better than the drag coefficient does. In addition, the lift coefficient increases with the increase of cylinder yaw angle. The results of the lift force spectra and the lift coefficients imply that the existence of the cylinder yaw angle has an intensified effect on the vortex shedding process around a square cylinder in oscillatory flows.

KW - Hydrodynamic forces

KW - Independent principle

KW - Oscillatory flow

KW - Yawed cylinders

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85007014628&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2016.11.038

DO - 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2016.11.038

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85007014628

VL - 130

SP - 510

EP - 522

JO - Ocean Engineering

JF - Ocean Engineering

SN - 0029-8018

ER -