Hydrodynamic coefficients of a yawed square cylinder in oscillatory flows

X. Lou, T. Zhou, L. Cheng

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    10 Citations (Scopus)


    The effect of yaw angle (α) on hydrodynamic forces and vortex shedding regime classification of a square cylinder oscillating in still water is examined. The Independent Principle (IP), which states that the Strouhal number and the drag coefficient are independent of α if the normal velocity component is used, was examined in oscillatory flows. Hydrodynamic forces were measured over a Keulegan-Carpenter number (KC) range of 3–30 and a Stokes parameter (β) range of 500–1600. For KC=8-20, the drag coefficient at α=45° is about 46% higher than that at α=0°, indicating the invalidity of the IP in oscillatory flow over this KC range. The inertia coefficient decreases with the increase of the yaw angle, except for KC=8–20, where the sudden drop in the distribution is absent at α=45°. Apart from this KC range, the inertia coefficient follows the IP better than the drag coefficient does. In addition, the lift coefficient increases with the increase of cylinder yaw angle. The results of the lift force spectra and the lift coefficients imply that the existence of the cylinder yaw angle has an intensified effect on the vortex shedding process around a square cylinder in oscillatory flows.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)510-522
    Number of pages13
    JournalOcean Engineering
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2017


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