Cancer of the lip and oral cavity ranks the 11th top prevalent type of malignancies over the globe for both genders, all ages. Oral cancer is increasingly becoming a global health burden with more than 300 thousand new cases which are to be diagnosed annually. Although the last 40 years have achieved advancement in diagnosis and treatment of oral cancer, the overall prognosis is still unfortunately around 50%. This chapter aimed to provide a synopsis of the epidemiology of oral cancer globally and to highlight the key features. The World Health Organization (WHO) International Classification of Disease (ICD) definition of oral cancer was adopted. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (GLOBOCAN) database was additionally used to present the current figures on the incidence, prevalence and mortality of oral cancer. The clinical presentations of different subtypes of oral cancer were also illustrated. A projection for oral cancer’s burden and deaths in 2035 was attempted, and a remarkable increase has documented. There is a need for improving the quality of cancer registry data that will end up in improving the control of the burden of oral cancer. Primary and secondary preventions are still the main armaments to confront the burden of oral cancer globally.
|Title of host publication||Development of Oral Cancer|
|Subtitle of host publication||Risk Factors and Prevention Strategies|
|Editors||Ala-Eddin Al Moustafa|
|Number of pages||21|
|Publication status||Published - 3 Aug 2017|