Hubble Space Telescope and Hyper-Suprime-Cam Weak-lensing Study of the Equal-mass Dissociative Merger CIZA J0107.7+5408

Kyle Finner, Scott W. W. Randall, M. James Jee, Elizabeth L. L. Blanton, Hyejeon Cho, Tracy E. E. Clarke, Simona Giacintucci, Paul Nulsen, Reinout van Weeren

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    Abstract

    A dissociative merger is formed by the interplay of ram pressure and gravitational forces, which can lead to a spatial displacement of the dark matter and baryonic components of the recently collided subclusters. CIZA J0107.7+5408 is a nearby (z = 0.105) dissociative merger that hosts two X-ray brightness peaks and a bimodal galaxy distribution. Analyzing MMT/Hectospec observations, we investigate the line-of-sight and spatial distribution of cluster galaxies. Utilizing deep, high-resolution Hubble Space Telescope Advanced Camera for Surveys imaging and large field-of-view Subaru Hyper-Suprime-Cam observations, we perform a weak-lensing analysis of CIZA J0107.7+5408. Our weak-lensing analysis detects a bimodal mass distribution that is spatially consistent with the cluster galaxies but significantly offset from the X-ray brightness peaks. Fitting two Navarro-Frenk-White halos to the lensing signal, we find an equal-mass merger with subcluster masses of M2(00,NE) 2.8( -1.1)( +1.1) 10 M-14 (?) and M-200,M-SW = 3.1(-1.2)(+ 1.2 )10(14 )M(?). Moreover, the mass-to-light ratios of the subclusters, (M/L)(NE )57(-91)(+89 )M(?)/ L-?B and (M/L)(SW )564(-89)( +87) M-?/ L-B?, are found to be consistent with each other and within the range of mass-to-light ratios found for galaxy clusters.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number23
    Number of pages11
    JournalAstrophysical Journal
    Volume942
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023

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