How shark conservation in the Maldives affects demand for dive tourism

Johanna S. Zimmerhackel, Abbie A. Rogers, Mark G. Meekan, Khadeeja Ali, David J. Pannell, Marit E. Kragt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Shark-diving tourism provides important economic benefits to the Maldives. We examine the link between shark conservation actions and economic returns from diving tourism. A combined travel cost and contingent behaviour approach is used to estimate the dive trip demand under different management scenarios. Our results show that increasing shark populations could increase dive-trip demand by 15%, raising dive tourists’ welfare by US$58 million annually. This could result in annual economic benefits for the dive-tourism industry of >US$6 million. Conversely, in scenarios where shark populations decline, where dive tourists observe illegal fishing, or if dive operators lack engagement in shark conservation, dive trip demand could decrease by up to 56%. This decline causes economic losses of more than US$24 million annually to the dive tourism industry. These results highlight the dependence of the shark-diving industry on the creation and enforcement of appropriate management regimes for shark conservation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-271
Number of pages9
JournalTourism Management
Volume69
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

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Maldives
shark
Conservation
tourism
conservation
Tourism
Economics
demand
diving
economics
industry
tourist
scenario
Industry
population decrease
management
welfare
travel
population decline
cause

Cite this

Zimmerhackel, Johanna S. ; Rogers, Abbie A. ; Meekan, Mark G. ; Ali, Khadeeja ; Pannell, David J. ; Kragt, Marit E. / How shark conservation in the Maldives affects demand for dive tourism. In: Tourism Management. 2018 ; Vol. 69. pp. 263-271.
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How shark conservation in the Maldives affects demand for dive tourism. / Zimmerhackel, Johanna S.; Rogers, Abbie A.; Meekan, Mark G.; Ali, Khadeeja; Pannell, David J.; Kragt, Marit E.

In: Tourism Management, Vol. 69, 01.12.2018, p. 263-271.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Zimmerhackel, Johanna S.

AU - Rogers, Abbie A.

AU - Meekan, Mark G.

AU - Ali, Khadeeja

AU - Pannell, David J.

AU - Kragt, Marit E.

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