Potato mop‐top virus (PMTV) was transmitted by inoculation of sap to twenty‐six species in the Solanaceae or Chenopodiaceae and to Tetragonia expansa; species in eleven other plant families were not infected. The virus was cultured in inoculated leaves of Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi‐nc or in N. debneyi. Diagnostic local lesions were produced in Chenopodium amaranticolor. In winter, ten solanaceous species were slowly invaded systemically but the first leaves infected were those immediately above inoculated leaves. When transmitted to Arran Pilot potato by the vector Spongospora subterranea, PMTV induced all the main types of shoot and tuber symptoms found in naturally infected plants. Isolates of PMTV from different sources differed considerably in virulence. PMTV‐containing tobacco sap lost infectivity when heated for 10 min at 80 °C, diluted to 10‐4, or stored at 20 °C for 14 weeks. Infectivity was partially stabilized by 0·02% sodium azide. When sap was centrifuged for 10 min at 8000 g, infectivity was mainly in the sediment. Infective sap contained straight rod‐shaped particles about 20 nm wide, with lengths up to 900 nm and crossbands at intervals of 2·5 nm. Many of the particles were aggregated side‐to‐side, and the ends of most seemed damaged. The slight infectivity of phenol‐treated leaf extracts was abolished by pancreatic ribonuclease. The present cryptogram of PMTV is R/*:*/*:E/E:S/Fu.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Annals of Applied Biology|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1970|