HLA-A allele associations with viral MER9-LTR nucleotide sequences at two distinct loci within the MHC alpha block

Jerzy Kulski, A. Shigenari, T. Shiina, K. Hosomichi, M. Yawata, H. Inoko

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The study of the association of the Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) alleles and polymorphic retrotransposons such as Alu, HERV, and LTR at various loci within the Major Histocompatibility Complex allows for a better identification and stratification of disease associations and the origins of HLA haplotypes in different populations. This paper provides sequence and association data on two structurally polymorphic MER9-LTR retrotransposons that are located 54 kb apart and in close proximity to the multiallelic HLA-A gene involved in the regulation of the human immune system. Direct DNA sequencing and analysis of the PCR products identified DNA nucleotide variations between the MER9-LTR sequences at the two loci and their associations with HLA-A alleles as potential haplotype and evolutionary markers. All MER9-LTR sequences were haplotypic when associated with common HLA-A alleles. The number of SNP loci was 2.5 times greater for the solo LTR at the AK locus, which is located closer to the HLA-A gene than the solo or 3′ LTR at the HG locus. Our study shows that the nucleotide variations of the MER9-LTR DNA sequences are additional informative markers in fine mapping HLA-A genomic haplotypes for future population, evolutionary, and disease studies.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)257-270
    JournalImmunogenetics
    Volume61
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

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