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## Abstract

In this paper we consider the number of Hamilton cycles in planar cubic graphs of high cyclic edge-connectivity, answering two questions raised by Chia and Thomassen (2012) about extremal graphs in these families. In particular, we find families of cyclically 5-edge-connected planar cubic graphs with more Hamilton cycles than the generalized Petersen graphs P(2n, 2). The graphs themselves are fullerene graphs that correspond to certain carbon molecules known as nanotubes-more precisely, the family consists of the zigzag nanotubes of (fixed) width 5and increasing length. In order to count the Hamilton cycles in the nanotubes, we develop methods inspired by the transfer matrices of statistical physics. We outline how these methods can be adapted to count the Hamilton cycles in nanotubes of greater (but still fixed) width, with the caveat that the resulting expressions involve matrix powers. We also consider cyclically 4-edgeconnected planar cubic graphs with few Hamilton cycles, and exhibit an infinite family of such graphs each with exactly 4 Hamilton cycles. Finally we consider the "other extreme" for these two classes of graphs, thus investigating cyclically 4-edge-connected planar cubic graphs with many Hamilton cycles and the cyclically 5-edge-connected planar cubic graphs with few Hamilton cycles. In each of these cases, we present partial results, examples and conjectures regarding the graphs with few or many Hamilton cycles. Crown Copyright (C) 2019 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 111608 |

Number of pages | 15 |

Journal | Discrete Mathematics |

Volume | 342 |

Issue number | 12 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Dec 2019 |

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Dive into the research topics of 'Highly-connected planar cubic graphs with few or many Hamilton cycles'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.## Projects

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