Highly asymmetric magnetic domain wall propagation due to coupling to a periodic pinning potential

R.L. Novak, Peter Metaxas, J.P. Jamet, R. Weil, J. Ferré, A. Mougin, S. Rohart, Robert Stamps, P.J. Zermatten, G. Gaudin, V. Baltz, B. Rodmacq

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    © 2015 IOP Publishing Ltd. Magneto-optical microscopy and magnetometry have been used to study magnetization reversal in an ultrathin magnetically soft (Pt/Co)2 ferromagnetic film coupled to an array of magnetically harder (Co/Pt)4 nanodots via a predominantly dipolar interaction across a 3 nm Pt spacer. This interaction generates a spatially periodic pinning potential for domain walls propagating through the continuous magnetic film. When reversing the applied field with respect to the static nanodot array magnetization orientation, strong asymmetries in the wall velocity and switching fields are observed. Asymmetric switching fields mean that hysteresis of the film is characterized by a large bias field of dipolar origin which is linked to the wall velocity asymmetry. This latter asymmetry, though large at low fields, vanishes at high fields where the domains become round and compact. A field-polarity-controlled transition from dendritic to compact faceted domain structures is also seen at intermediate fields and a model is proposed to interpret the transition.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-12
    JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
    Issue number23
    Early online date14 May 2015
    Publication statusPublished - 17 Jun 2015


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