High-density lipoprotein apolipoprotein A-I kinetics : comparison of radioactive and stable isotope studies

Esther Ooi, Gerald Watts, M.S. Farvid, Dick Chan, M.C. Allen, S.R. Zilko, Hugh Barrett

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4 Citations (Scopus)


Backround To compare the kinetic determinants of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) concentration in lean normolipidaemic subjects using radioisotope and stable isotope studies.Materials and methods We pooled data from 16 radioisotope and 13 stable isotope studies to investigate the kinetics of apoA-I in lean normolipidemic individuals. We also examined the associations of HDL kinetic parameters with age, sex, body mass index (BMI) and concentrations of apoA-I, triglycerides, HDL cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol.Results Lean subjects from radioisotope and stable isotope studies were matched for age, gender, BMI and lipid profile. The apoA-I concentration was significantly lower in the radioisotope group than the stable isotope group (P = 0.031). There was no significant difference in HDL apoA-I fractional catabolic rate (FCR) and production rate (PR) between the groups. In the radioisotope group, HDL apoA-I FCR was significantly associated with apoA-I and HDL cholesterol concentrations (r = -0.681, P < 0.001 and r = -0.542, P < 0.001, respectively), whereas in the stable isotope group, only HDL apoA-I PR was significantly associated with apoA-I concentration (r = 0.455, P = 0.004).Conclusions Our findings suggest that HDL apoA-I FCR is the primary determinant of apoA-I concentrations in lean subjects in studies using radiotracer techniques. By contrast, HDL apoA-I PR is the primary determinant of apoA-I concentration in lean subject in studies employing stable isotope methods. These discrepancies may be reconciled by differences in methodologies and/or study population characteristics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)626-632
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Investigation
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2006


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