High-Cooperativity Cavity QED with Magnons at Microwave Frequencies

Maxim Goryachev, W.G. Farr, Daniel Creedon, Yaohui Fan, Mikhail Kostylev, Michael Tobar

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    132 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Using a submillimeter-sized YIG (yttrium-iron-garnet) sphere mounted in a magnetic-field-focusing cavity, we demonstrate an ultrahigh cooperativity of 105 between magnon and photon modes at millikelvin temperatures and microwave frequencies. The cavity is designed to act as a magnetic dipole by using a novel multiple-post approach, effectively focusing the cavity magnetic field within the YIG crystal with a filling factor of 3%. Coupling strength (normal-mode splitting) of 2 GHz (equivalent to 76 cavity linewidths or 0.3 Hz per spin) is achieved for a bright cavity mode that constitutes about 10% of the photon energy and shows that ultrastrong coupling is possible in spin systems at microwave frequencies. With straightforward optimizations we demonstrate that this system has the potential to reach cooperativities of 107, corresponding to a normal-mode splitting of 5.2 GHz and a coupling per spin approaching 1 Hz. We also observe a three-mode strong-coupling regime between a dark cavity mode and a magnon-mode doublet pair, where the photon-magnon and magnon-magnon couplings (normal-mode splittings) are 143 and 12.5 MHz, respectively, with a HWHM bandwidth of about 0.5 MHz.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number054002
    Pages (from-to)054002-1-11
    Number of pages11
    JournalPhysical Review Applied
    Volume2
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2014

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    microwave frequencies
    magnons
    cavities
    yttrium-iron garnet
    photons
    magnetic dipoles
    magnetic fields
    bandwidth
    optimization
    crystals

    Cite this

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    title = "High-Cooperativity Cavity QED with Magnons at Microwave Frequencies",
    abstract = "Using a submillimeter-sized YIG (yttrium-iron-garnet) sphere mounted in a magnetic-field-focusing cavity, we demonstrate an ultrahigh cooperativity of 105 between magnon and photon modes at millikelvin temperatures and microwave frequencies. The cavity is designed to act as a magnetic dipole by using a novel multiple-post approach, effectively focusing the cavity magnetic field within the YIG crystal with a filling factor of 3{\%}. Coupling strength (normal-mode splitting) of 2 GHz (equivalent to 76 cavity linewidths or 0.3 Hz per spin) is achieved for a bright cavity mode that constitutes about 10{\%} of the photon energy and shows that ultrastrong coupling is possible in spin systems at microwave frequencies. With straightforward optimizations we demonstrate that this system has the potential to reach cooperativities of 107, corresponding to a normal-mode splitting of 5.2 GHz and a coupling per spin approaching 1 Hz. We also observe a three-mode strong-coupling regime between a dark cavity mode and a magnon-mode doublet pair, where the photon-magnon and magnon-magnon couplings (normal-mode splittings) are 143 and 12.5 MHz, respectively, with a HWHM bandwidth of about 0.5 MHz.",
    author = "Maxim Goryachev and W.G. Farr and Daniel Creedon and Yaohui Fan and Mikhail Kostylev and Michael Tobar",
    year = "2014",
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    doi = "10.1103/PhysRevApplied.2.054002",
    language = "English",
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    High-Cooperativity Cavity QED with Magnons at Microwave Frequencies. / Goryachev, Maxim; Farr, W.G.; Creedon, Daniel; Fan, Yaohui; Kostylev, Mikhail; Tobar, Michael.

    In: Physical Review Applied, Vol. 2, No. 5, 054002, 05.11.2014, p. 054002-1-11.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

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    AU - Goryachev, Maxim

    AU - Farr, W.G.

    AU - Creedon, Daniel

    AU - Fan, Yaohui

    AU - Kostylev, Mikhail

    AU - Tobar, Michael

    PY - 2014/11/5

    Y1 - 2014/11/5

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    AB - Using a submillimeter-sized YIG (yttrium-iron-garnet) sphere mounted in a magnetic-field-focusing cavity, we demonstrate an ultrahigh cooperativity of 105 between magnon and photon modes at millikelvin temperatures and microwave frequencies. The cavity is designed to act as a magnetic dipole by using a novel multiple-post approach, effectively focusing the cavity magnetic field within the YIG crystal with a filling factor of 3%. Coupling strength (normal-mode splitting) of 2 GHz (equivalent to 76 cavity linewidths or 0.3 Hz per spin) is achieved for a bright cavity mode that constitutes about 10% of the photon energy and shows that ultrastrong coupling is possible in spin systems at microwave frequencies. With straightforward optimizations we demonstrate that this system has the potential to reach cooperativities of 107, corresponding to a normal-mode splitting of 5.2 GHz and a coupling per spin approaching 1 Hz. We also observe a three-mode strong-coupling regime between a dark cavity mode and a magnon-mode doublet pair, where the photon-magnon and magnon-magnon couplings (normal-mode splittings) are 143 and 12.5 MHz, respectively, with a HWHM bandwidth of about 0.5 MHz.

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