Hierarchical RNA Processing Is Required for Mitochondrial Ribosome Assembly

Oliver Rackham, J.D. Busch, S. Matic, Stefan Siira, Irina Kuznetsova, I. Atanassov, Judith Ermer, Anne-Marie Shearwood, Tara Richman, J.B. Stewart, A. Mourier, D. Milenkovic, N.G. Larsson, Aleksandra Filipovska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

105 Citations (Scopus)


© 2016 The Author(s)
The regulation of mitochondrial RNA processing and its importance for ribosome biogenesis and energy metabolism are not clear. We generated conditional knockout mice of the endoribonuclease component of the RNase P complex, MRPP3, and report that it is essential for life and that heart and skeletal-muscle-specific knockout leads to severe cardiomyopathy, indicating that its activity is non-redundant. Transcriptome-wide parallel analyses of RNA ends (PARE) and RNA-seq enabled us to identify that in vivo 5' tRNA cleavage precedes 3' tRNA processing, and this is required for the correct biogenesis of the mitochondrial ribosomal subunits. We identify that mitoribosomal biogenesis proceeds co-transcriptionally because large mitoribosomal proteins can form a subcomplex on an unprocessed RNA containing the 16S rRNA. Taken together, our data show that RNA processing links transcription to translation via assembly of the mitoribosome.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1874-1890
Number of pages17
JournalCell Reports
Issue number7
Early online date4 Aug 2016
Publication statusPublished - 16 Aug 2016


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