Hiatus resolution and linking 'r' in Australian english

F. Cox, S. Palethorpe, L. Buckley, Samantha Bentink

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Hiatus occurs when the juxtaposition of syllables results in two separate vowels occurring alongside one another. Such vowel adjacency, both within words and across word boundaries, is phonologically undesirable in many languages but can be resolved using a range of strategies including consonant insertion. This paper examines linguistic and extralinguistic factors that best predict the likelihood of inserted linking 'r' across word boundaries in Australian English. Corpus data containing a set of 32 phrases produced in a sentence-reading task by 103 speakers were auditorily and acoustically analysed. Results reveal that linguistic variables of accentual context and local speaking rate take precedence over speaker-specific variables of age, gender and sociolect in the management of hiatus. We interpret this to be a reflection of the phonetic manifestation of boundary phenomena. The frequency of the phrase containing the linking 'r', the frequency of an individual's use of linking 'r', and the accentual status of the flanking vowels all affect the/É;/strength (determined by F3), suggesting that a hybrid approach is warranted in modelling liaison. Age effects are present for certain prosodic contexts indicating change in progress for Australian English. © 2014 International Phonetic Association.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)155-178
    JournalJournal of the International Phonetic Association
    Volume44
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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    Phonetics
    Linguistics
    phonetics
    linguistics
    speaking
    Reading
    Language
    gender
    language
    management
    Hiatus
    Australian English

    Cite this

    Cox, F. ; Palethorpe, S. ; Buckley, L. ; Bentink, Samantha. / Hiatus resolution and linking 'r' in Australian english. In: Journal of the International Phonetic Association. 2014 ; Vol. 44, No. 2. pp. 155-178.
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    title = "Hiatus resolution and linking 'r' in Australian english",
    abstract = "Hiatus occurs when the juxtaposition of syllables results in two separate vowels occurring alongside one another. Such vowel adjacency, both within words and across word boundaries, is phonologically undesirable in many languages but can be resolved using a range of strategies including consonant insertion. This paper examines linguistic and extralinguistic factors that best predict the likelihood of inserted linking 'r' across word boundaries in Australian English. Corpus data containing a set of 32 phrases produced in a sentence-reading task by 103 speakers were auditorily and acoustically analysed. Results reveal that linguistic variables of accentual context and local speaking rate take precedence over speaker-specific variables of age, gender and sociolect in the management of hiatus. We interpret this to be a reflection of the phonetic manifestation of boundary phenomena. The frequency of the phrase containing the linking 'r', the frequency of an individual's use of linking 'r', and the accentual status of the flanking vowels all affect the/{\'E};/strength (determined by F3), suggesting that a hybrid approach is warranted in modelling liaison. Age effects are present for certain prosodic contexts indicating change in progress for Australian English. {\circledC} 2014 International Phonetic Association.",
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    doi = "10.1017/S0025100314000036",
    language = "English",
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    Hiatus resolution and linking 'r' in Australian english. / Cox, F.; Palethorpe, S.; Buckley, L.; Bentink, Samantha.

    In: Journal of the International Phonetic Association, Vol. 44, No. 2, 2014, p. 155-178.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Cox, F.

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    AU - Bentink, Samantha

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    AB - Hiatus occurs when the juxtaposition of syllables results in two separate vowels occurring alongside one another. Such vowel adjacency, both within words and across word boundaries, is phonologically undesirable in many languages but can be resolved using a range of strategies including consonant insertion. This paper examines linguistic and extralinguistic factors that best predict the likelihood of inserted linking 'r' across word boundaries in Australian English. Corpus data containing a set of 32 phrases produced in a sentence-reading task by 103 speakers were auditorily and acoustically analysed. Results reveal that linguistic variables of accentual context and local speaking rate take precedence over speaker-specific variables of age, gender and sociolect in the management of hiatus. We interpret this to be a reflection of the phonetic manifestation of boundary phenomena. The frequency of the phrase containing the linking 'r', the frequency of an individual's use of linking 'r', and the accentual status of the flanking vowels all affect the/É;/strength (determined by F3), suggesting that a hybrid approach is warranted in modelling liaison. Age effects are present for certain prosodic contexts indicating change in progress for Australian English. © 2014 International Phonetic Association.

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