Heterologous priming-boosting with DNA and modified vaccinia virus Ankara expressing tryparedoxin peroxidase promotes long-term memory against Leishmania major in susceptible BALB/c mice

C.B. Stober, U.G. Lange, M.T. Roberts, A. Alcami, Jenefer Blackwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Leishmaniasis affects 12 million people, but there are no vaccines in routine clinical use. Th1 polarizing vaccines that elicit long-term protection are required to prevent disease in susceptible populations. We recently showed that heterologous priming-boosting with tryparedoxin peroxidase (TRYP) DNA followed by TRYP-modified vaccinia virus Ankara (TRYP MVA) protected susceptible BALB/c mice from Leishmania major. Here we compared treatment with TRYP DNA with treatment with TRYP DNA/TRYP MVA. We found that equivalent levels of protection during the postvaccination effector phase correlated with equivalent levels of serum immunoglobulin G2a and gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) in draining lymph nodes. In contrast, challenge infection during the memory phase revealed that there was enhanced clinical efficacy with TRYP DNA/TRYP MVA. This correlated with higher levels of effector phase splenic IFN-gamma, sustained prechallenge levels of memory phase IFN-gamma, and a more polarized post-L. major challenge Th1 response compared to the Th2/T-reg response. Thus, TRYP DNA/TRYP MVA, but not TRYP DNA alone, provides long-term protection against murine leishmaniasis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)852-860
JournalInfection and Immunity
Volume75
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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