Excessive osteoclast formation and function are considered as the main causes of bone lytic disorders such as osteoporosis and osteolysis. Therefore, the osteoclast is a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of osteoporosis or other osteoclast-related diseases. Helvolic acid (HA), a mycotoxin originally isolated from Aspergillus fumigatus , has been discovered as an effective broad-spectrum antibacterial agent and has a wide range of pharmacological properties. Herein, for the first time, HA was demonstrated to be capable of significantly inhibiting receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption in vitro by suppressing nuclear factor of activated T cells 1 (NFATc1) activation. This inhibition was followed by the dramatically decreased expression of NFATc1-targeted genes including Ctr (encoding calcitonin receptor), Acp5 (encoding tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase [TRAcP]), Ctsk (encoding cathepsin K), Atp6v0d2 (encoding the vacuolar H+ ATPase V0 subunit d2 [V-ATPase-d2]) and Mmp9 (encoding matrix metallopeptidase 9) which are osteoclastic-specific genes required for osteoclast formation and function. Mechanistically, HA was shown to greatly attenuate multiple upstream pathways including extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) phosphorylation, c-Fos signaling, and intracellular Ca 2+ oscillation, but had little effect on nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation. In addition, HA also diminished the RANKL-induced generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species. Taken together, our study indicated HA effectively suppressed RANKL-induced osteoclast formation and function. Thus, we propose that HA can be potentially used in the development of a novel drug for osteoclast-related bone diseases.