Intracellular particle movements, of both saltatory and streaming types, in HeLa S-3 cells were simultaneously interrupted after 1 h exposure of cells to 43 degrees C, within 10 min at 44 degrees C and within 5 min at 45 degrees C. Intracellular movement inhibited after 15 min at 44 degrees C and 10 min at 45 degrees C was not reversible in cells rescued at 37 degrees C. Brownian motion was not observed in heat-treated cells while they were maintained at elevated temperatures, but became pronounced in blebbing which occurred shortly after they were returned to 37 degrees C. Returning these cells to 45 degrees C intensified the Brownian activity inside blebs, and rapidly induced cell lysis. The same heat-treated cells were simultaneously studied by laser-Doppler microscopy, which confirmed: a) that flow (cytoplasmic streaming) is completely arrested at 44 degrees C within 10 min, b) flow recovered in 10-15 min in cells rescued after 10-15 min at 44 degrees C, c) submicroscopic particles down to the size of water molecules had faster self-diffusion coefficients at 44 degrees C than at 37 degrees C. Proton nmr studies on cells exposed from 4 to 45 degrees C gave corrected relaxation times T1 and T2 which rose with temperature in a predictable manner. Inhibition of cellular movement at elevated temperatures was not specifically attributable to the depletion of intracellular ATP levels.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Physiological chemistry and physics and medical NMR|
|Publication status||Published - 1991|