The human milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) contains important lipids for growing infants. Anthropometric measurements, milk samples, and infant milk intake were collected in a cohort of eleven healthy mother–infant dyads during exclusive breastfeeding from birth to six months. One hundred and sixty-six MFGM lipids were analysed using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, and the infant intake was calculated. The concentrations and intake were compared and associations between infant intake and growth characteristics explored. The lipid concentrations and infant intake varied widely between mother–infant dyads and between months one and three. The infant intake for many species displayed positive correlations with infant growth, particularly phospholipid species. The high variation in lipid intake is likely an important factor in infant growth, with strong correlations identified between the intake of many MFGM lipids and infant head circumference and weight. This study highlights the need for intake measurements and inclusion in cohort studies to elucidate the role of the human milk lipidome in infant growth and development.
|Publication status||Published - Sept 2021|