Health-related quality of life in Australian children with asthma: lessons for the cross-cultural use of quality of life instruments

Davina French, A. Carroll, M.J. Christie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The development of Australian forms of the Childhood Asthma Questionnaires (CAQs) is reported. Focus group methods and psychometric analyses were used to establish the conceptual, semantic and technical equivalence of these forms with the UK versions. Both versions also provide for data collection from non-asthmatic youngsters. The internal consistency was found to be acceptable (Cronbach's alpha 0.52-0.90) and the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) scores were found to vary with asthma severity (p <0.05). Comparison with the UK data revealed that the non-asthmatic scores were higher for Australian than British children (p <0.001) but that the scores for children with asthma did not differ between the two countries. It was only In the Australian sample that the group with asthma reported impaired HRQoL when compared to their healthy peers. These findings were interpreted in the context of cultural expectations of life quality and conclusions are presented regarding the importance of the gap between experience and expectations. The difficulties raised by the developmental and cultural issues inherent in paediatric HRQoL research were discussed. Qual. Life Res. 7:409-419 (C) 1998 Kluwer Academic Publishers
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-419
JournalQuality of Life Research
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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