Haplospecific Polymorphism Between HLA B and Tumor Necrosis Factor

X. Wu, W.J. Zhang, C.S. Witt, L.J. Abraham, Frank Christiansen, R.L. Dawkins

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    Polymorphisms were sought between HLA B and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) using three genomic probes. Extensive polymorphism was detected within a panel of 50 cell lines including 37 homozygotes representing 21 different ancestral haplotypes (AH). Following Taq I digestion of genomic DNA, we observed three allelic patterns with probe X (R17A) and four with probe V (R9A). Seven different allelic patterns were found with probe Y (M20A) after Taq I + Rsa I digestion. Family studies showed that the Y, X, and V alleles were inherited and segregated with HLA haplotypes. A striking feature of the allelic patterns detected by these probes was that cells with the same AH had identical Y, X, and V alleles (i.e., the alleles were haplotypic). Of 15 different Y-X-V haplotypes observed, 11 were found to be specific for a particular AH (i.e., were haplospecific). Four were shared by more than one AH, but in these instances there were extensive similarities in other regions within the major histocompatibility complex (MHC), for example, the Japanese 46.2 (HLA Bw46-DRw8) and the Chinese 46.1 (Bw46-DR9) share all alleles between HLA C and C4 and differ only in class II, suggesting their relatively recent divergence by recombination between C4 and DR. Surprisingly, two insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM)-resistant but race-specific AHs 52.1 (Bw52-DRB1*1502,Japanese) and 7.1 (B7-DRB1*1501, Caucasoid) carry the same Y-X-V haplotype, suggesting the possibility of localizing gene(s) relevant to IDDM. The present study confirms that MHC AHs have been conserved en bloc, including the region between HLA B and TNF.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)89-97
    JournalHuman Immunology
    Publication statusPublished - 1992


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