Hajj Crowd Analysis: Incidents and Solutions

Almoaid Owaidah

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

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The thesis focuses on Hajj as a case study to develop new crowd management strategies and investigate the impacts of enhancing it by crowd and transport modelling and simulation. Models were tested and validated via a Discrete Event Simulation (DES) tool "Extendsim" with real-Hajj data from previous years, by developing normal and evacuation scenarios, at different ritual sites (The Grand Mosque and Aljamarat Bridge) and pilgrims' movement between the holy sites. As a result, new crowd management and transport strategies were presented to manage the pilgrims' movements, transport and ritual performance with more organised, safe and secure methods.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • The University of Western Australia
  • Bennamoun, Mohammed, Supervisor
  • Olaru, Doina, Supervisor
  • Sohel, Ferdous, Supervisor
  • Khan, Nazim, Supervisor
Award date12 Sept 2022
Publication statusUnpublished - 2022


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