Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine diluted tenfold in diphtheria-tetanus-whole cell pertussis vaccine: A randomized trial

Mark Nicol, Robin Huebner, Rosalia Mothupi, Helena Käyhty, Nontombi Mbelle, Esther Khomo, Keith P. Klugman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Despite their proven efficacy Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccines are not given to most children in the developing world in the face of an estimated global Hib disease burden of nearly 2 million cases per annum. A major barrier to the introduction of the vaccine would be overcome by diluting the vaccine 10-fold in diphtheriatetanus-whole cell pertussis (DTP). We report a randomized trial comparing the use of Hib conjugate vaccine diluted in a multidose vial of DTP with that of the full Hib dose. Methods. We randomized 168 infants to receive either the full dose Hib polysaccharide-tetanus toxoid conjugate (PRP-T) vaccine or a 1/10 dilution prepared by reconstituting the full dose in a 10-dose DTP vial. Infants were vaccinated at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age and received a full dose as a test of immunologic memory at 9 months of age. Sera were collected at each visit and at 1 week after the booster dose. Serum anti-capsular PRP antibody concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results. After the primary vaccination series, 95% of infants in the full dose arm and 94% of infants in the 1/10 dose arm achieved anti-PRP IgG antibody concentrations of ≥1.0 μg/ml. Infants receiving the diluted vaccine had significantly higher titers of anti-PRP antibody in response to the booster dose (151.36 μg/ml vs. 68.55 μg/ml P = 0.009). Conclusions. The 1/10 dose of PRP-T was as immunogenic and safe as the full dose. The technique of diluting a single dose of PRP-T in a 10-dose DTP vial could potentially allow the widespread introduction of Hib vaccine in resource-poor countries currently unable to afford full dose Hib conjugate vaccine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-141
Number of pages4
JournalPediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Feb 2002
Externally publishedYes

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