H I-deficient galaxies in intermediate-density environments

H. Denes, V. A. Kilborn, B. S. Koribalski, Ivy Wong

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Observations show that spiral galaxies in galaxy clusters tend to have on average less neutral hydrogen (HI) than galaxies of the same type and size in the field. There is accumulating evidence that such HI-deficient galaxies are also relatively frequent in galaxy groups. An important question is that which mechanisms are responsible for the gas deficiency in galaxy groups. To gain a better understanding of how environment affects the gas content of galaxies, we identified a sample of six HI-deficient galaxies from the HI Parkes All Sky Survey (HIPASS) using HI-optical scaling relations. One of the galaxies is located in the outskirts of the Fornax cluster, four are in loose galaxy groups and one is in a galaxy triplet. We present new high-resolution HI observations with the Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA) of these galaxies. We discuss the possible cause of HI-deficiency in the sample based on HI observations and various multi-wavelength data. We find that the galaxies have truncated HI discs, lopsided gas distribution and some show asymmetries in their stellar discs. We conclude that both ram-pressure stripping and tidal interactions are important gas removal mechanisms in low-density environments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1294-1308
Number of pages15
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
Early online date11 Nov 2015
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jan 2016


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