@article{7ea99c0315754b5aabbcfda01cbaca85,

title = "GW170104: Observation of a 50-Solar-Mass Binary Black Hole Coalescence at Redshift 0.2",

abstract = "We describe the observation of GW170104, a gravitational-wave signal produced by the coalescence of a pair of stellar-mass black holes. The signal was measured on January 4, 2017 at 10 11:58.6 UTC by the twin advanced detectors of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory during their second observing run, with a network signal-to-noise ratio of 13 and a false alarm rate less than 1 in 70 000 years. The inferred component black hole masses are 31.2-6.0+8.4M' and 19.4-5.9+5.3M (at the 90% credible level). The black hole spins are best constrained through measurement of the effective inspiral spin parameter, a mass-weighted combination of the spin components perpendicular to the orbital plane, χeff=-0.12-0.30+0.21. This result implies that spin configurations with both component spins positively aligned with the orbital angular momentum are disfavored. The source luminosity distance is 880-390+450 Mpc corresponding to a redshift of z=0.18-0.07+0.08. We constrain the magnitude of modifications to the gravitational-wave dispersion relation and perform null tests of general relativity. Assuming that gravitons are dispersed in vacuum like massive particles, we bound the graviton mass to mg≤7.7×10-23 eV/c2. In all cases, we find that GW170104 is consistent with general relativity.",

author = "{(LIGO Scientific and Virgo Collaboration)} and Abbott, {B. P.} and R. Abbott and Abbott, {T. D.} and F. Acernese and K. Ackley and C. Adams and T. Adams and P. Addesso and Adhikari, {R. X.} and Adya, {V. B.} and C. Affeldt and M. Afrough and B. Agarwal and M. Agathos and K. Agatsuma and N. Aggarwal and Aguiar, {O. D.} and L. Aiello and A. Ain and P. Ajith and B. Allen and G. Allen and A. Allocca and Altin, {P. A.} and A. Amato and A. Ananyeva and Anderson, {S. B.} and Anderson, {W. G.} and S. Antier and S. Appert and K. Arai and Araya, {M. C.} and Areeda, {J. S.} and N. Arnaud and Arun, {K. G.} and S. Ascenzi and G. Ashton and M. Ast and Aston, {S. M.} and P. Astone and P. Aufmuth and C. Aulbert and K. Aultoneal and A. Avila-Alvarez and S. Babak and P. Bacon and Bader, {M. K.M.} and S. Bae and Baker, {P. T.} and F. Baldaccini and G. Ballardin and Ballmer, {S. W.} and S. Banagiri and Barayoga, {J. C.} and Barclay, {S. E.} and Barish, {B. C.} and D. Barker and F. Barone and B. Barr and L. Barsotti and M. Barsuglia and D. Barta and J. Bartlett and I. Bartos and R. Bassiri and A. Basti and Batch, {J. C.} and C. Baune and M. Bawaj and M. Bazzan and B. B{\'e}csy and C. Beer and M. Bejger and I. Belahcene and Bell, {A. S.} and Berger, {B. K.} and G. Bergmann and Berry, {C. P.L.} and D. Bersanetti and A. Bertolini and J. Betzwieser and S. Bhagwat and R. Bhandare and Bilenko, {I. A.} and G. Billingsley and Billman, {C. R.} and J. Birch and R. Birney and O. Birnholtz and S. Biscans and A. Bisht and M. Bitossi and C. Biwer and Bizouard, {M. A.} and Blackburn, {J. K.} and J. Blackman and Blair, {C. D.} and Blair, {D. G.} and Blair, {R. M.} and S. Bloemen and O. Bock and N. Bode and M. Boer and G. Bogaert and A. Bohe and F. Bondu and R. Bonnand and Boom, {B. A.} and R. Bork and V. Boschi and S. Bose and Y. Bouffanais and A. Bozzi and C. Bradaschia and Brady, {P. R.} and Braginsky, {V. B.} and M. Branchesi and Brau, {J. E.} and T. Briant and A. Brillet and M. Brinkmann and V. Brisson and P. Brockill and Broida, {J. E.} and Brooks, {A. F.} and Brown, {D. A.} and Brown, {D. D.} and Brown, {N. M.} and S. Brunett and Buchanan, {C. C.} and A. Buikema and T. Bulik and Bulten, {H. J.} and A. Buonanno and D. Buskulic and C. Buy and Byer, {R. L.} and M. Cabero and L. Cadonati and G. Cagnoli and C. Cahillane and {Calder{\'o}n Bustillo}, J. and Callister, {T. A.} and E. Calloni and Camp, {J. B.} and M. Canepa and P. Canizares and Cannon, {K. C.} and H. Cao and J. Cao and Capano, {C. D.} and E. Capocasa and F. Carbognani and S. Caride and Carney, {M. F.} and {Casanueva Diaz}, J. and C. Casentini and S. Caudill and M. Cavagli{\`a} and F. Cavalier and R. Cavalieri and G. Cella and Cepeda, {C. B.} and {Cerboni Baiardi}, L. and G. Cerretani and E. Cesarini and Chamberlin, {S. J.} and M. Chan and S. Chao and P. Charlton and E. Chassande-Mottin and D. Chatterjee and K. Chatziioannou and Cheeseboro, {B. D.} and Chen, {H. Y.} and Y. Chen and Cheng, {H. P.} and A. Chincarini and A. Chiummo and T. Chmiel and Cho, {H. S.} and M. Cho and Chow, {J. H.} and N. Christensen and Q. Chu and Chua, {A. J.K.} and S. Chua and Chung, {A. K.W.} and S. Chung and G. Ciani and R. Ciolfi and Cirelli, {C. E.} and A. Cirone and F. Clara and Clark, {J. A.} and F. Cleva and C. Cocchieri and E. Coccia and Cohadon, {P. F.} and A. Colla and Collette, {C. G.} and Cominsky, {L. R.} and M. Constancio and L. Conti and Cooper, {S. J.} and P. Corban and Corbitt, {T. R.} and Corley, {K. R.} and N. Cornish and A. Corsi and S. Cortese and Costa, {C. A.} and Coughlin, {M. W.} and Coughlin, {S. B.} and Coulon, {J. P.} and Countryman, {S. T.} and P. Couvares and Covas, {P. B.} and Cowan, {E. E.} and Coward, {D. M.} and Cowart, {M. J.} and Coyne, {D. C.} and R. Coyne and Creighton, {J. D.E.} and Creighton, {T. D.} and J. Cripe and Crowder, {S. G.} and Cullen, {T. J.} and A. Cumming and L. Cunningham and E. Cuoco and {Dal Canton}, T. and Danilishin, {S. L.} and S. D'Antonio and K. Danzmann and A. Dasgupta and {Da Silva Costa}, {C. F.} and V. Dattilo and I. Dave and M. Davier and D. Davis and Daw, {E. J.} and B. Day and Howell, {E. J.} and L. Ju and Page, {M. A.} and L. Wen and C. Zhao and Zhu, {X. J.}",

year = "2017",

month = jun,

day = "1",

doi = "10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.221101",

language = "English",

volume = "118",

journal = "Physical Review Letters",

issn = "0031-9007",

publisher = "American Physical Society",

number = "22",

}