GW150914: Implications for the stochastic gravitational-wave background from binary black holes

B.P. Abbott, R. Abbott, T.D. Abbott, M.R. Abernathy, F. Acernese, K. Ackley, C. Adams, T. Adams, P. Addesso, R.X. Adhikari, V.B. Adya, C. Affeldt, M. Agathos, K. Agatsuma, N. Aggarwal, O.D. Aguiar, L. Aiello, A. Ain, P. Ajith, B. Allen & 81 others A. Allocca, P.A. Altin, S.B. Anderson, W.G. Anderson, K. Arai, M.C. Araya, C.C. Arceneaux, J.S. Areeda, N. Arnaud, K.G. Arun, S. Ascenzi, G. Ashton, M. Ast, S.M. Aston, P. Astone, P. Aufmuth, C. Aulbert, S. Babak, P. Bacon, M.K.M. Bader, P.T. Baker, F. Baldaccini, G. Ballardin, S.W. Ballmer, J.C. Barayoga, S.E. Barclay, B.C. Barish, D. Barker, F. Barone, B. Barr, L. Barsotti, M. Barsuglia, D. Barta, J. Bartlett, I. Bartos, R. Bassiri, A. Basti, J.C. Batch, C. Baune, V. Bavigadda, M. Bazzan, B. Behnke, M. Bejger, A.S. Bell, C.J. Bell, B.K. Berger, J. Bergman, G. Bergmann, C.P.L. Berry, D. Bersanetti, A. Bertolini, J. Betzwieser, S. Bhagwat, R. Bhandare, I.A. Bilenko, G. Billingsley, J. Birch, R. Birney, S. Biscans, A. Bisht, M. Bitossi, C. Biwer, M.A. Bizouard, J.K. Blackburn, Carl Blair, David Blair, R.M. Blair, S. Bloemen, Qi Chu, Shin Kee Chung, David Coward, Qi Fang, Li Ju, Tejinder Kaur, Yiqiu Ma, Jiayi Qin, Linqing Wen, Chunnong Zhao, Xingjiang Zhu, Eric Howell, Bruce Gendre

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Abstract

© 2016 American Physical Society. The LIGO detection of the gravitational wave transient GW150914, from the inspiral and merger of two black holes with masses 30M, suggests a population of binary black holes with relatively high mass. This observation implies that the stochastic gravitational-wave background from binary black holes, created from the incoherent superposition of all the merging binaries in the Universe, could be higher than previously expected. Using the properties of GW150914, we estimate the energy density of such a background from binary black holes. In the most sensitive part of the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo band for stochastic backgrounds (near 25 Hz), we predict OGW(f=25 Hz)=1.1-0.9+2.7×10-9 with 90% confidence. This prediction is robustly demonstrated for a variety of formation scenarios with different parameters. The differences between models are small compared to the statistical uncertainty arising from the currently poorly constrained local coalescence rate. We conclude that this background is potentially measurable by the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo detectors operating at their projected final sensitivity.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume116
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2016

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gravitational waves
LIGO (observatory)
coalescing
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Abbott, B.P. ; Abbott, R. ; Abbott, T.D. ; Abernathy, M.R. ; Acernese, F. ; Ackley, K. ; Adams, C. ; Adams, T. ; Addesso, P. ; Adhikari, R.X. ; Adya, V.B. ; Affeldt, C. ; Agathos, M. ; Agatsuma, K. ; Aggarwal, N. ; Aguiar, O.D. ; Aiello, L. ; Ain, A. ; Ajith, P. ; Allen, B. ; Allocca, A. ; Altin, P.A. ; Anderson, S.B. ; Anderson, W.G. ; Arai, K. ; Araya, M.C. ; Arceneaux, C.C. ; Areeda, J.S. ; Arnaud, N. ; Arun, K.G. ; Ascenzi, S. ; Ashton, G. ; Ast, M. ; Aston, S.M. ; Astone, P. ; Aufmuth, P. ; Aulbert, C. ; Babak, S. ; Bacon, P. ; Bader, M.K.M. ; Baker, P.T. ; Baldaccini, F. ; Ballardin, G. ; Ballmer, S.W. ; Barayoga, J.C. ; Barclay, S.E. ; Barish, B.C. ; Barker, D. ; Barone, F. ; Barr, B. ; Barsotti, L. ; Barsuglia, M. ; Barta, D. ; Bartlett, J. ; Bartos, I. ; Bassiri, R. ; Basti, A. ; Batch, J.C. ; Baune, C. ; Bavigadda, V. ; Bazzan, M. ; Behnke, B. ; Bejger, M. ; Bell, A.S. ; Bell, C.J. ; Berger, B.K. ; Bergman, J. ; Bergmann, G. ; Berry, C.P.L. ; Bersanetti, D. ; Bertolini, A. ; Betzwieser, J. ; Bhagwat, S. ; Bhandare, R. ; Bilenko, I.A. ; Billingsley, G. ; Birch, J. ; Birney, R. ; Biscans, S. ; Bisht, A. ; Bitossi, M. ; Biwer, C. ; Bizouard, M.A. ; Blackburn, J.K. ; Blair, Carl ; Blair, David ; Blair, R.M. ; Bloemen, S. ; Chu, Qi ; Chung, Shin Kee ; Coward, David ; Fang, Qi ; Ju, Li ; Kaur, Tejinder ; Ma, Yiqiu ; Qin, Jiayi ; Wen, Linqing ; Zhao, Chunnong ; Zhu, Xingjiang ; Howell, Eric ; Gendre, Bruce. / GW150914: Implications for the stochastic gravitational-wave background from binary black holes. In: Physical Review Letters. 2016 ; Vol. 116, No. 13.
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title = "GW150914: Implications for the stochastic gravitational-wave background from binary black holes",
abstract = "{\circledC} 2016 American Physical Society. The LIGO detection of the gravitational wave transient GW150914, from the inspiral and merger of two black holes with masses 30M, suggests a population of binary black holes with relatively high mass. This observation implies that the stochastic gravitational-wave background from binary black holes, created from the incoherent superposition of all the merging binaries in the Universe, could be higher than previously expected. Using the properties of GW150914, we estimate the energy density of such a background from binary black holes. In the most sensitive part of the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo band for stochastic backgrounds (near 25 Hz), we predict OGW(f=25 Hz)=1.1-0.9+2.7×10-9 with 90{\%} confidence. This prediction is robustly demonstrated for a variety of formation scenarios with different parameters. The differences between models are small compared to the statistical uncertainty arising from the currently poorly constrained local coalescence rate. We conclude that this background is potentially measurable by the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo detectors operating at their projected final sensitivity.",
author = "B.P. Abbott and R. Abbott and T.D. Abbott and M.R. Abernathy and F. Acernese and K. Ackley and C. Adams and T. Adams and P. Addesso and R.X. Adhikari and V.B. Adya and C. Affeldt and M. Agathos and K. Agatsuma and N. Aggarwal and O.D. Aguiar and L. Aiello and A. Ain and P. Ajith and B. Allen and A. Allocca and P.A. Altin and S.B. Anderson and W.G. Anderson and K. Arai and M.C. Araya and C.C. Arceneaux and J.S. Areeda and N. Arnaud and K.G. Arun and S. Ascenzi and G. Ashton and M. Ast and S.M. Aston and P. Astone and P. Aufmuth and C. Aulbert and S. Babak and P. Bacon and M.K.M. Bader and P.T. Baker and F. Baldaccini and G. Ballardin and S.W. Ballmer and J.C. Barayoga and S.E. Barclay and B.C. Barish and D. Barker and F. Barone and B. Barr and L. Barsotti and M. Barsuglia and D. Barta and J. Bartlett and I. Bartos and R. Bassiri and A. Basti and J.C. Batch and C. Baune and V. Bavigadda and M. Bazzan and B. Behnke and M. Bejger and A.S. Bell and C.J. Bell and B.K. Berger and J. Bergman and G. Bergmann and C.P.L. Berry and D. Bersanetti and A. Bertolini and J. Betzwieser and S. Bhagwat and R. Bhandare and I.A. Bilenko and G. Billingsley and J. Birch and R. Birney and S. Biscans and A. Bisht and M. Bitossi and C. Biwer and M.A. Bizouard and J.K. Blackburn and Carl Blair and David Blair and R.M. Blair and S. Bloemen and Qi Chu and Chung, {Shin Kee} and David Coward and Qi Fang and Li Ju and Tejinder Kaur and Yiqiu Ma and Jiayi Qin and Linqing Wen and Chunnong Zhao and Xingjiang Zhu and Eric Howell and Bruce Gendre",
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doi = "10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.131102",
language = "English",
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journal = "Physical Review Letters",
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Abbott, BP, Abbott, R, Abbott, TD, Abernathy, MR, Acernese, F, Ackley, K, Adams, C, Adams, T, Addesso, P, Adhikari, RX, Adya, VB, Affeldt, C, Agathos, M, Agatsuma, K, Aggarwal, N, Aguiar, OD, Aiello, L, Ain, A, Ajith, P, Allen, B, Allocca, A, Altin, PA, Anderson, SB, Anderson, WG, Arai, K, Araya, MC, Arceneaux, CC, Areeda, JS, Arnaud, N, Arun, KG, Ascenzi, S, Ashton, G, Ast, M, Aston, SM, Astone, P, Aufmuth, P, Aulbert, C, Babak, S, Bacon, P, Bader, MKM, Baker, PT, Baldaccini, F, Ballardin, G, Ballmer, SW, Barayoga, JC, Barclay, SE, Barish, BC, Barker, D, Barone, F, Barr, B, Barsotti, L, Barsuglia, M, Barta, D, Bartlett, J, Bartos, I, Bassiri, R, Basti, A, Batch, JC, Baune, C, Bavigadda, V, Bazzan, M, Behnke, B, Bejger, M, Bell, AS, Bell, CJ, Berger, BK, Bergman, J, Bergmann, G, Berry, CPL, Bersanetti, D, Bertolini, A, Betzwieser, J, Bhagwat, S, Bhandare, R, Bilenko, IA, Billingsley, G, Birch, J, Birney, R, Biscans, S, Bisht, A, Bitossi, M, Biwer, C, Bizouard, MA, Blackburn, JK, Blair, C, Blair, D, Blair, RM, Bloemen, S, Chu, Q, Chung, SK, Coward, D, Fang, Q, Ju, L, Kaur, T, Ma, Y, Qin, J, Wen, L, Zhao, C, Zhu, X, Howell, E & Gendre, B 2016, 'GW150914: Implications for the stochastic gravitational-wave background from binary black holes' Physical Review Letters, vol. 116, no. 13. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.131102

GW150914: Implications for the stochastic gravitational-wave background from binary black holes. / Abbott, B.P.; Abbott, R.; Abbott, T.D.; Abernathy, M.R.; Acernese, F.; Ackley, K.; Adams, C.; Adams, T.; Addesso, P.; Adhikari, R.X.; Adya, V.B.; Affeldt, C.; Agathos, M.; Agatsuma, K.; Aggarwal, N.; Aguiar, O.D.; Aiello, L.; Ain, A.; Ajith, P.; Allen, B.; Allocca, A.; Altin, P.A.; Anderson, S.B.; Anderson, W.G.; Arai, K.; Araya, M.C.; Arceneaux, C.C.; Areeda, J.S.; Arnaud, N.; Arun, K.G.; Ascenzi, S.; Ashton, G.; Ast, M.; Aston, S.M.; Astone, P.; Aufmuth, P.; Aulbert, C.; Babak, S.; Bacon, P.; Bader, M.K.M.; Baker, P.T.; Baldaccini, F.; Ballardin, G.; Ballmer, S.W.; Barayoga, J.C.; Barclay, S.E.; Barish, B.C.; Barker, D.; Barone, F.; Barr, B.; Barsotti, L.; Barsuglia, M.; Barta, D.; Bartlett, J.; Bartos, I.; Bassiri, R.; Basti, A.; Batch, J.C.; Baune, C.; Bavigadda, V.; Bazzan, M.; Behnke, B.; Bejger, M.; Bell, A.S.; Bell, C.J.; Berger, B.K.; Bergman, J.; Bergmann, G.; Berry, C.P.L.; Bersanetti, D.; Bertolini, A.; Betzwieser, J.; Bhagwat, S.; Bhandare, R.; Bilenko, I.A.; Billingsley, G.; Birch, J.; Birney, R.; Biscans, S.; Bisht, A.; Bitossi, M.; Biwer, C.; Bizouard, M.A.; Blackburn, J.K.; Blair, Carl; Blair, David; Blair, R.M.; Bloemen, S.; Chu, Qi; Chung, Shin Kee; Coward, David; Fang, Qi; Ju, Li; Kaur, Tejinder; Ma, Yiqiu; Qin, Jiayi; Wen, Linqing; Zhao, Chunnong; Zhu, Xingjiang; Howell, Eric; Gendre, Bruce.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 116, No. 13, 31.03.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - GW150914: Implications for the stochastic gravitational-wave background from binary black holes

AU - Abbott, B.P.

AU - Abbott, R.

AU - Abbott, T.D.

AU - Abernathy, M.R.

AU - Acernese, F.

AU - Ackley, K.

AU - Adams, C.

AU - Adams, T.

AU - Addesso, P.

AU - Adhikari, R.X.

AU - Adya, V.B.

AU - Affeldt, C.

AU - Agathos, M.

AU - Agatsuma, K.

AU - Aggarwal, N.

AU - Aguiar, O.D.

AU - Aiello, L.

AU - Ain, A.

AU - Ajith, P.

AU - Allen, B.

AU - Allocca, A.

AU - Altin, P.A.

AU - Anderson, S.B.

AU - Anderson, W.G.

AU - Arai, K.

AU - Araya, M.C.

AU - Arceneaux, C.C.

AU - Areeda, J.S.

AU - Arnaud, N.

AU - Arun, K.G.

AU - Ascenzi, S.

AU - Ashton, G.

AU - Ast, M.

AU - Aston, S.M.

AU - Astone, P.

AU - Aufmuth, P.

AU - Aulbert, C.

AU - Babak, S.

AU - Bacon, P.

AU - Bader, M.K.M.

AU - Baker, P.T.

AU - Baldaccini, F.

AU - Ballardin, G.

AU - Ballmer, S.W.

AU - Barayoga, J.C.

AU - Barclay, S.E.

AU - Barish, B.C.

AU - Barker, D.

AU - Barone, F.

AU - Barr, B.

AU - Barsotti, L.

AU - Barsuglia, M.

AU - Barta, D.

AU - Bartlett, J.

AU - Bartos, I.

AU - Bassiri, R.

AU - Basti, A.

AU - Batch, J.C.

AU - Baune, C.

AU - Bavigadda, V.

AU - Bazzan, M.

AU - Behnke, B.

AU - Bejger, M.

AU - Bell, A.S.

AU - Bell, C.J.

AU - Berger, B.K.

AU - Bergman, J.

AU - Bergmann, G.

AU - Berry, C.P.L.

AU - Bersanetti, D.

AU - Bertolini, A.

AU - Betzwieser, J.

AU - Bhagwat, S.

AU - Bhandare, R.

AU - Bilenko, I.A.

AU - Billingsley, G.

AU - Birch, J.

AU - Birney, R.

AU - Biscans, S.

AU - Bisht, A.

AU - Bitossi, M.

AU - Biwer, C.

AU - Bizouard, M.A.

AU - Blackburn, J.K.

AU - Blair, Carl

AU - Blair, David

AU - Blair, R.M.

AU - Bloemen, S.

AU - Chu, Qi

AU - Chung, Shin Kee

AU - Coward, David

AU - Fang, Qi

AU - Ju, Li

AU - Kaur, Tejinder

AU - Ma, Yiqiu

AU - Qin, Jiayi

AU - Wen, Linqing

AU - Zhao, Chunnong

AU - Zhu, Xingjiang

AU - Howell, Eric

AU - Gendre, Bruce

PY - 2016/3/31

Y1 - 2016/3/31

N2 - © 2016 American Physical Society. The LIGO detection of the gravitational wave transient GW150914, from the inspiral and merger of two black holes with masses 30M, suggests a population of binary black holes with relatively high mass. This observation implies that the stochastic gravitational-wave background from binary black holes, created from the incoherent superposition of all the merging binaries in the Universe, could be higher than previously expected. Using the properties of GW150914, we estimate the energy density of such a background from binary black holes. In the most sensitive part of the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo band for stochastic backgrounds (near 25 Hz), we predict OGW(f=25 Hz)=1.1-0.9+2.7×10-9 with 90% confidence. This prediction is robustly demonstrated for a variety of formation scenarios with different parameters. The differences between models are small compared to the statistical uncertainty arising from the currently poorly constrained local coalescence rate. We conclude that this background is potentially measurable by the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo detectors operating at their projected final sensitivity.

AB - © 2016 American Physical Society. The LIGO detection of the gravitational wave transient GW150914, from the inspiral and merger of two black holes with masses 30M, suggests a population of binary black holes with relatively high mass. This observation implies that the stochastic gravitational-wave background from binary black holes, created from the incoherent superposition of all the merging binaries in the Universe, could be higher than previously expected. Using the properties of GW150914, we estimate the energy density of such a background from binary black holes. In the most sensitive part of the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo band for stochastic backgrounds (near 25 Hz), we predict OGW(f=25 Hz)=1.1-0.9+2.7×10-9 with 90% confidence. This prediction is robustly demonstrated for a variety of formation scenarios with different parameters. The differences between models are small compared to the statistical uncertainty arising from the currently poorly constrained local coalescence rate. We conclude that this background is potentially measurable by the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo detectors operating at their projected final sensitivity.

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.131102

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.131102

M3 - Article

VL - 116

JO - Physical Review Letters

JF - Physical Review Letters

SN - 0031-9007

IS - 13

ER -