GSK343 induces programmed cell death through the inhibition of EZH2 and FBP1 in osteosarcoma cells

Xifeng Xiong, Jinli Zhang, Aiguo Li, Libing Dai, Shengnan Qin, Pengzhen Wang, Wei Liu, Zhi Zhang, Xiaojian Li, Zhihe Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) is an important member of the epigenetic regulatory factor polycomb group proteins (PcG) and is abnormally expressed in a wide variety of tumors, including osteosarcoma. Scientists consider EZH2 as an attractive target for the treatment of osteosarcoma and have found many potential EZH inhibitors, such as GlaxoSmithKline 343 (GSK343). It has been reported that GSK343 can be used as an inhibitor in different types of cancer. This study demonstrated that GSK343 not only induced apoptosis by increasing cleaved Casp-3 and poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) expression, but also induced autophagic cell death by inhibiting p62 expression. Apoptosis and autophagic cell death induced by GSK343 were confirmed by the high expression of cleaved caspase-3, LC3-II and transmission electron microscopy. GSK343 inhibited the expression of EZH2 and c-Myc. Additionally, GSK343 inhibited the expression of FUSE binding protein 1 (FBP1), which was identified by its regulatory effects on c-Myc expression. Since c-Myc is a common target of EZH2 and FBP1, and GSK343 inhibited the expression of these proliferation-promoting proteins, a mutual regulatory mechanism between EZH2 and FBP1 was proposed. The knockdown of EZH2 suppressed the expression of FBP1; similarly, the knockdown of FBP1 suppressed the expression of EZH2. These results suggest the mutual regulatory association between EZH2 and FBP1. The knockdown of either EZH2 or FBP1 accelerated the sensitivity of osteosarcoma cells to GSK343. Based on these results, this study clarified that GSK343, an EZH2 inhibitor, may have potential for use in the treatment of osteosarcoma. The underlying mechanisms of the effects of GSK343 are partly mediated by its inhibitory activity against c-Myc and its regulators (EZH2 and FBP1).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-222
Number of pages10
JournalCANCER BIOLOGY & THERAPY
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes

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