Gravitational wave astronomy: the current status

David Blair, Li Ju, Chunnong Zhao, Linqing Wen, Qi Chu, Qi Fang, R.G. Cai, J.R. Gao, X.C. Lin, D. Liu, L.A. Wu, Z.H. Zhu, D.H. Reitze, K. Arai, F. Zhang, R. Flaminio, Xingjiang Zhu, G. Hobbs, R.N. Manchester, R.M. Shannon & 20 others C. Baccigalupi, W. Gao, P. Xu, X. Bian, Z.J. Cao, Z.J. Chang, P. Dong, X.F. Gong, S.L. Huang, P. Ju, Z.R. Luo, L.E. Qiang, W.L. Tang, X.Y. Wan, Y. Wang, S.N. Xu, Y.L. Zang, H.P. Zhang, Y.K. Lau, W.T. Ni

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    21 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2015, Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. In the centenary year of Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity, this paper reviews the current status of gravitational wave astronomy across a spectrum which stretches from attohertz to kilohertz frequencies. Sect. 1 of this paper reviews the historical development of gravitational wave astronomy from Einstein’s first prediction to our current understanding the spectrum. It is shown that detection of signals in the audio frequency spectrum can be expected very soon, and that a north-south pair of next generation detectors would provide large scientific benefits. Sect. 2 reviews the theory of gravitational waves and the principles of detection using laser interferometry. The state of the art Advanced LIGO detectors are then described. These detectors have a high chance of detecting the first events in the near future. Sect. 3 reviews the KAGRA detector currently under development in Japan, which will be the first laser interferometer detector to use cryogenic test masses. Sect. 4 of this paper reviews gravitational wave detection in the nanohertz frequency band using the technique of pulsar timing. Sect. 5 reviews the status of gravitational wave detection in the attohertz frequency band, detectable in the polarisation of the cosmic microwave background, and discusses the prospects for detection of primordial waves from the big bang. The techniques described in sects. 1–5 have already placed significant limits on the strength of gravitational wave sources. Sects. 6 and 7 review ambitious plans for future space based gravitational wave detectors in the millihertz frequency band. Sect. 6 presents a roadmap for development of space based gravitational wave detectors by China while sect. 7 discusses a key enabling technology for space interferometry known as time delay interferometry.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number120402
    Pages (from-to)1-41
    Number of pages41
    JournalScience China: Physics, Mechanics and Astronomy
    Volume58
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 4 Dec 2015

    Fingerprint

    astronomy
    gravitational waves
    detectors
    China
    interferometry
    audio frequencies
    laser interferometry
    LIGO (observatory)
    pulsars
    cryogenics
    relativity
    Japan
    time lag
    interferometers
    time measurement
    microwaves
    polarization
    predictions
    lasers

    Cite this

    Blair, David ; Ju, Li ; Zhao, Chunnong ; Wen, Linqing ; Chu, Qi ; Fang, Qi ; Cai, R.G. ; Gao, J.R. ; Lin, X.C. ; Liu, D. ; Wu, L.A. ; Zhu, Z.H. ; Reitze, D.H. ; Arai, K. ; Zhang, F. ; Flaminio, R. ; Zhu, Xingjiang ; Hobbs, G. ; Manchester, R.N. ; Shannon, R.M. ; Baccigalupi, C. ; Gao, W. ; Xu, P. ; Bian, X. ; Cao, Z.J. ; Chang, Z.J. ; Dong, P. ; Gong, X.F. ; Huang, S.L. ; Ju, P. ; Luo, Z.R. ; Qiang, L.E. ; Tang, W.L. ; Wan, X.Y. ; Wang, Y. ; Xu, S.N. ; Zang, Y.L. ; Zhang, H.P. ; Lau, Y.K. ; Ni, W.T. / Gravitational wave astronomy: the current status. In: Science China: Physics, Mechanics and Astronomy. 2015 ; Vol. 58, No. 12. pp. 1-41.
    @article{ca02bf22c7e349e086a3d7f09953bd09,
    title = "Gravitational wave astronomy: the current status",
    abstract = "{\circledC} 2015, Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. In the centenary year of Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity, this paper reviews the current status of gravitational wave astronomy across a spectrum which stretches from attohertz to kilohertz frequencies. Sect. 1 of this paper reviews the historical development of gravitational wave astronomy from Einstein’s first prediction to our current understanding the spectrum. It is shown that detection of signals in the audio frequency spectrum can be expected very soon, and that a north-south pair of next generation detectors would provide large scientific benefits. Sect. 2 reviews the theory of gravitational waves and the principles of detection using laser interferometry. The state of the art Advanced LIGO detectors are then described. These detectors have a high chance of detecting the first events in the near future. Sect. 3 reviews the KAGRA detector currently under development in Japan, which will be the first laser interferometer detector to use cryogenic test masses. Sect. 4 of this paper reviews gravitational wave detection in the nanohertz frequency band using the technique of pulsar timing. Sect. 5 reviews the status of gravitational wave detection in the attohertz frequency band, detectable in the polarisation of the cosmic microwave background, and discusses the prospects for detection of primordial waves from the big bang. The techniques described in sects. 1–5 have already placed significant limits on the strength of gravitational wave sources. Sects. 6 and 7 review ambitious plans for future space based gravitational wave detectors in the millihertz frequency band. Sect. 6 presents a roadmap for development of space based gravitational wave detectors by China while sect. 7 discusses a key enabling technology for space interferometry known as time delay interferometry.",
    author = "David Blair and Li Ju and Chunnong Zhao and Linqing Wen and Qi Chu and Qi Fang and R.G. Cai and J.R. Gao and X.C. Lin and D. Liu and L.A. Wu and Z.H. Zhu and D.H. Reitze and K. Arai and F. Zhang and R. Flaminio and Xingjiang Zhu and G. Hobbs and R.N. Manchester and R.M. Shannon and C. Baccigalupi and W. Gao and P. Xu and X. Bian and Z.J. Cao and Z.J. Chang and P. Dong and X.F. Gong and S.L. Huang and P. Ju and Z.R. Luo and L.E. Qiang and W.L. Tang and X.Y. Wan and Y. Wang and S.N. Xu and Y.L. Zang and H.P. Zhang and Y.K. Lau and W.T. Ni",
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    language = "English",
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    Blair, D, Ju, L, Zhao, C, Wen, L, Chu, Q, Fang, Q, Cai, RG, Gao, JR, Lin, XC, Liu, D, Wu, LA, Zhu, ZH, Reitze, DH, Arai, K, Zhang, F, Flaminio, R, Zhu, X, Hobbs, G, Manchester, RN, Shannon, RM, Baccigalupi, C, Gao, W, Xu, P, Bian, X, Cao, ZJ, Chang, ZJ, Dong, P, Gong, XF, Huang, SL, Ju, P, Luo, ZR, Qiang, LE, Tang, WL, Wan, XY, Wang, Y, Xu, SN, Zang, YL, Zhang, HP, Lau, YK & Ni, WT 2015, 'Gravitational wave astronomy: the current status' Science China: Physics, Mechanics and Astronomy, vol. 58, no. 12, 120402, pp. 1-41. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11433-015-5748-6

    Gravitational wave astronomy: the current status. / Blair, David; Ju, Li; Zhao, Chunnong; Wen, Linqing; Chu, Qi; Fang, Qi; Cai, R.G.; Gao, J.R.; Lin, X.C.; Liu, D.; Wu, L.A.; Zhu, Z.H.; Reitze, D.H.; Arai, K.; Zhang, F.; Flaminio, R.; Zhu, Xingjiang; Hobbs, G.; Manchester, R.N.; Shannon, R.M.; Baccigalupi, C.; Gao, W.; Xu, P.; Bian, X.; Cao, Z.J.; Chang, Z.J.; Dong, P.; Gong, X.F.; Huang, S.L.; Ju, P.; Luo, Z.R.; Qiang, L.E.; Tang, W.L.; Wan, X.Y.; Wang, Y.; Xu, S.N.; Zang, Y.L.; Zhang, H.P.; Lau, Y.K.; Ni, W.T.

    In: Science China: Physics, Mechanics and Astronomy, Vol. 58, No. 12, 120402, 04.12.2015, p. 1-41.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Gravitational wave astronomy: the current status

    AU - Blair, David

    AU - Ju, Li

    AU - Zhao, Chunnong

    AU - Wen, Linqing

    AU - Chu, Qi

    AU - Fang, Qi

    AU - Cai, R.G.

    AU - Gao, J.R.

    AU - Lin, X.C.

    AU - Liu, D.

    AU - Wu, L.A.

    AU - Zhu, Z.H.

    AU - Reitze, D.H.

    AU - Arai, K.

    AU - Zhang, F.

    AU - Flaminio, R.

    AU - Zhu, Xingjiang

    AU - Hobbs, G.

    AU - Manchester, R.N.

    AU - Shannon, R.M.

    AU - Baccigalupi, C.

    AU - Gao, W.

    AU - Xu, P.

    AU - Bian, X.

    AU - Cao, Z.J.

    AU - Chang, Z.J.

    AU - Dong, P.

    AU - Gong, X.F.

    AU - Huang, S.L.

    AU - Ju, P.

    AU - Luo, Z.R.

    AU - Qiang, L.E.

    AU - Tang, W.L.

    AU - Wan, X.Y.

    AU - Wang, Y.

    AU - Xu, S.N.

    AU - Zang, Y.L.

    AU - Zhang, H.P.

    AU - Lau, Y.K.

    AU - Ni, W.T.

    PY - 2015/12/4

    Y1 - 2015/12/4

    N2 - © 2015, Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. In the centenary year of Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity, this paper reviews the current status of gravitational wave astronomy across a spectrum which stretches from attohertz to kilohertz frequencies. Sect. 1 of this paper reviews the historical development of gravitational wave astronomy from Einstein’s first prediction to our current understanding the spectrum. It is shown that detection of signals in the audio frequency spectrum can be expected very soon, and that a north-south pair of next generation detectors would provide large scientific benefits. Sect. 2 reviews the theory of gravitational waves and the principles of detection using laser interferometry. The state of the art Advanced LIGO detectors are then described. These detectors have a high chance of detecting the first events in the near future. Sect. 3 reviews the KAGRA detector currently under development in Japan, which will be the first laser interferometer detector to use cryogenic test masses. Sect. 4 of this paper reviews gravitational wave detection in the nanohertz frequency band using the technique of pulsar timing. Sect. 5 reviews the status of gravitational wave detection in the attohertz frequency band, detectable in the polarisation of the cosmic microwave background, and discusses the prospects for detection of primordial waves from the big bang. The techniques described in sects. 1–5 have already placed significant limits on the strength of gravitational wave sources. Sects. 6 and 7 review ambitious plans for future space based gravitational wave detectors in the millihertz frequency band. Sect. 6 presents a roadmap for development of space based gravitational wave detectors by China while sect. 7 discusses a key enabling technology for space interferometry known as time delay interferometry.

    AB - © 2015, Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. In the centenary year of Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity, this paper reviews the current status of gravitational wave astronomy across a spectrum which stretches from attohertz to kilohertz frequencies. Sect. 1 of this paper reviews the historical development of gravitational wave astronomy from Einstein’s first prediction to our current understanding the spectrum. It is shown that detection of signals in the audio frequency spectrum can be expected very soon, and that a north-south pair of next generation detectors would provide large scientific benefits. Sect. 2 reviews the theory of gravitational waves and the principles of detection using laser interferometry. The state of the art Advanced LIGO detectors are then described. These detectors have a high chance of detecting the first events in the near future. Sect. 3 reviews the KAGRA detector currently under development in Japan, which will be the first laser interferometer detector to use cryogenic test masses. Sect. 4 of this paper reviews gravitational wave detection in the nanohertz frequency band using the technique of pulsar timing. Sect. 5 reviews the status of gravitational wave detection in the attohertz frequency band, detectable in the polarisation of the cosmic microwave background, and discusses the prospects for detection of primordial waves from the big bang. The techniques described in sects. 1–5 have already placed significant limits on the strength of gravitational wave sources. Sects. 6 and 7 review ambitious plans for future space based gravitational wave detectors in the millihertz frequency band. Sect. 6 presents a roadmap for development of space based gravitational wave detectors by China while sect. 7 discusses a key enabling technology for space interferometry known as time delay interferometry.

    U2 - 10.1007/s11433-015-5748-6

    DO - 10.1007/s11433-015-5748-6

    M3 - Article

    VL - 58

    SP - 1

    EP - 41

    JO - Science China. Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy

    JF - Science China. Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy

    SN - 1674-7348

    IS - 12

    M1 - 120402

    ER -