Grain legumes in integrated crop management systems

Chris Johansen, Kadambot Siddique

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperChapter

Abstract

This chapter focuses on integrated crop management strategies to increase grain legume production in rainfed, resource-poor farming systems. Generally, grain legumes fail to reach even half of their potential yields in these systems. For rainfed grain legumes the major contributor to the yield gap is sub-optimal soil moisture, along with a suite of nutrient, pest and disease constraints. The challenge is to identify remedial action within the means of resource-poor farmers. This requires greater emphasis on farmer-participatory research to identify local constraints, and engaging farmers in trialling locally feasible solutions. Examples of this approach are documented. Particular areas in need of intensive on-farm research include adapting grain legume farming to conservation agriculture and exploring means to increase cropping intensity of grain legumes in cereal-dominated cropping systems. It is suggested that a concerted shift in international and national efforts to support farmer-participatory approaches is needed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAchieving sustainable cultivation of grain legumes
Subtitle of host publicationAdvances in breeding and cultivation techniques
EditorsShoba Sivasankar, David Bergvinson, Pooran Gaur, Shiv Kumar Agrawal, Steve Beebe, Manuele Tamo
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
PublisherBurleigh Dodds Science Publishing Limited
Chapter10
Pages219-242
Number of pages24
Volume1
ISBN (Print)9781786761361
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Mar 2018

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integrated crop management
management systems
legumes
on-farm research
limited resource farmers
farming systems
farmers
cropping systems
soil water
pests
agriculture
nutrients

Cite this

Johansen, C., & Siddique, K. (2018). Grain legumes in integrated crop management systems. In S. Sivasankar, D. Bergvinson, P. Gaur, S. K. Agrawal, S. Beebe, & M. Tamo (Eds.), Achieving sustainable cultivation of grain legumes: Advances in breeding and cultivation techniques (Vol. 1, pp. 219-242). United Kingdom: Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing Limited. https://doi.org/10.19103/AS.2017.0023.08
Johansen, Chris ; Siddique, Kadambot. / Grain legumes in integrated crop management systems. Achieving sustainable cultivation of grain legumes: Advances in breeding and cultivation techniques. editor / Shoba Sivasankar ; David Bergvinson ; Pooran Gaur ; Shiv Kumar Agrawal ; Steve Beebe ; Manuele Tamo. Vol. 1 United Kingdom : Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing Limited, 2018. pp. 219-242
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Johansen, C & Siddique, K 2018, Grain legumes in integrated crop management systems. in S Sivasankar, D Bergvinson, P Gaur, SK Agrawal, S Beebe & M Tamo (eds), Achieving sustainable cultivation of grain legumes: Advances in breeding and cultivation techniques. vol. 1, Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing Limited, United Kingdom, pp. 219-242. https://doi.org/10.19103/AS.2017.0023.08

Grain legumes in integrated crop management systems. / Johansen, Chris; Siddique, Kadambot.

Achieving sustainable cultivation of grain legumes: Advances in breeding and cultivation techniques. ed. / Shoba Sivasankar; David Bergvinson; Pooran Gaur; Shiv Kumar Agrawal; Steve Beebe; Manuele Tamo. Vol. 1 United Kingdom : Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing Limited, 2018. p. 219-242.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperChapter

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AB - This chapter focuses on integrated crop management strategies to increase grain legume production in rainfed, resource-poor farming systems. Generally, grain legumes fail to reach even half of their potential yields in these systems. For rainfed grain legumes the major contributor to the yield gap is sub-optimal soil moisture, along with a suite of nutrient, pest and disease constraints. The challenge is to identify remedial action within the means of resource-poor farmers. This requires greater emphasis on farmer-participatory research to identify local constraints, and engaging farmers in trialling locally feasible solutions. Examples of this approach are documented. Particular areas in need of intensive on-farm research include adapting grain legume farming to conservation agriculture and exploring means to increase cropping intensity of grain legumes in cereal-dominated cropping systems. It is suggested that a concerted shift in international and national efforts to support farmer-participatory approaches is needed.

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Johansen C, Siddique K. Grain legumes in integrated crop management systems. In Sivasankar S, Bergvinson D, Gaur P, Agrawal SK, Beebe S, Tamo M, editors, Achieving sustainable cultivation of grain legumes: Advances in breeding and cultivation techniques. Vol. 1. United Kingdom: Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing Limited. 2018. p. 219-242 https://doi.org/10.19103/AS.2017.0023.08