Glycemic control among diabetic patients in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Eyob Alemayehu Gebreyohannes, Adeladlew Kassie Netere, Sewunet Admasu Belachew

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Introduction

Ethiopia recorded the highest numbers of people with diabetes in Africa. It is not uncommon for diabetic patients to have poor glycemic control leading to a number of complications. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate the level of glycemic control among diabetic patients in Ethiopia by combining the studies from the existing literature.

Materials and methods

The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines was employed to plan and conduct this review. A comprehensive electronic-based literature search was conducted in the databases of MEDLINE, HINARI, GOOGLE SCHOLAR, and SCIENCEDIRECT. Open meta-analyst software was used to perform meta-analyses. Proportions of good glycemic control among diabetic patients was calculated. Odds ratio was also calculated to check the presence of statistically significant difference in glycemic control among patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Results

A total of 22 studies were included in the final analysis. Meta-analysis of 16 studies showed that only one-third of patients [34.4% (95% CI: 27.9%-40.9%), p

Conclusion

High proportion of diabetic patients were unable to achieve good glycemic control. There was no difference in glycemic control among type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0221790
Number of pages14
JournalPLoS One
Volume14
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Aug 2019
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Gebreyohannes, Eyob Alemayehu ; Netere, Adeladlew Kassie ; Belachew, Sewunet Admasu. / Glycemic control among diabetic patients in Ethiopia : A systematic review and meta-analysis. In: PLoS One. 2019 ; Vol. 14, No. 8.
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abstract = "IntroductionEthiopia recorded the highest numbers of people with diabetes in Africa. It is not uncommon for diabetic patients to have poor glycemic control leading to a number of complications. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate the level of glycemic control among diabetic patients in Ethiopia by combining the studies from the existing literature.Materials and methodsThe Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines was employed to plan and conduct this review. A comprehensive electronic-based literature search was conducted in the databases of MEDLINE, HINARI, GOOGLE SCHOLAR, and SCIENCEDIRECT. Open meta-analyst software was used to perform meta-analyses. Proportions of good glycemic control among diabetic patients was calculated. Odds ratio was also calculated to check the presence of statistically significant difference in glycemic control among patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes.ResultsA total of 22 studies were included in the final analysis. Meta-analysis of 16 studies showed that only one-third of patients [34.4{\%} (95{\%} CI: 27.9{\%}-40.9{\%}), pConclusionHigh proportion of diabetic patients were unable to achieve good glycemic control. There was no difference in glycemic control among type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients.",
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Glycemic control among diabetic patients in Ethiopia : A systematic review and meta-analysis. / Gebreyohannes, Eyob Alemayehu; Netere, Adeladlew Kassie; Belachew, Sewunet Admasu.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 14, No. 8, e0221790, 27.08.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Glycemic control among diabetic patients in Ethiopia

T2 - A systematic review and meta-analysis

AU - Gebreyohannes, Eyob Alemayehu

AU - Netere, Adeladlew Kassie

AU - Belachew, Sewunet Admasu

PY - 2019/8/27

Y1 - 2019/8/27

N2 - IntroductionEthiopia recorded the highest numbers of people with diabetes in Africa. It is not uncommon for diabetic patients to have poor glycemic control leading to a number of complications. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate the level of glycemic control among diabetic patients in Ethiopia by combining the studies from the existing literature.Materials and methodsThe Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines was employed to plan and conduct this review. A comprehensive electronic-based literature search was conducted in the databases of MEDLINE, HINARI, GOOGLE SCHOLAR, and SCIENCEDIRECT. Open meta-analyst software was used to perform meta-analyses. Proportions of good glycemic control among diabetic patients was calculated. Odds ratio was also calculated to check the presence of statistically significant difference in glycemic control among patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes.ResultsA total of 22 studies were included in the final analysis. Meta-analysis of 16 studies showed that only one-third of patients [34.4% (95% CI: 27.9%-40.9%), pConclusionHigh proportion of diabetic patients were unable to achieve good glycemic control. There was no difference in glycemic control among type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients.

AB - IntroductionEthiopia recorded the highest numbers of people with diabetes in Africa. It is not uncommon for diabetic patients to have poor glycemic control leading to a number of complications. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate the level of glycemic control among diabetic patients in Ethiopia by combining the studies from the existing literature.Materials and methodsThe Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines was employed to plan and conduct this review. A comprehensive electronic-based literature search was conducted in the databases of MEDLINE, HINARI, GOOGLE SCHOLAR, and SCIENCEDIRECT. Open meta-analyst software was used to perform meta-analyses. Proportions of good glycemic control among diabetic patients was calculated. Odds ratio was also calculated to check the presence of statistically significant difference in glycemic control among patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes.ResultsA total of 22 studies were included in the final analysis. Meta-analysis of 16 studies showed that only one-third of patients [34.4% (95% CI: 27.9%-40.9%), pConclusionHigh proportion of diabetic patients were unable to achieve good glycemic control. There was no difference in glycemic control among type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients.

KW - diabetes mellitus (DM)

KW - GLYCEMIC CONTROL

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M3 - Review article

VL - 14

JO - P L o S One

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SN - 1932-6203

IS - 8

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