Global spatial risk assessment of sharks under the footprint of fisheries

Nuno Queiroz, Nicolas E. Humphries, Ana Couto, Marisa Vedor, Ivo da Costa, Ana M.M. Sequeira, Gonzalo Mucientes, António M. Santos, Francisco J. Abascal, Debra L. Abercrombie, Katya Abrantes, David Acuña-Marrero, André S. Afonso, Pedro Afonso, Darrell Anders, Gonzalo Araujo, Randall Arauz, Pascal Bach, Adam Barnett, Diego Bernal & 133 others Michael L. Berumen, Sandra Bessudo Lion, Natalia P.A. Bezerra, Antonin V. Blaison, Barbara A. Block, Mark E. Bond, Ramón Bonfil, Russell W. Bradford, Camrin D. Braun, Edward J. Brooks, Annabelle Brooks, Judith Brown, Barry D. Bruce, Michael E. Byrne, Steven E. Campana, Aaron B. Carlisle, Demian D. Chapman, Taylor K. Chapple, John Chisholm, Christopher R. Clarke, Eric G. Clua, Jesse E.M. Cochran, Estelle C. Crochelet, Laurent Dagorn, Ryan Daly, Daniel Devia Cortés, Thomas K. Doyle, Michael Drew, Clinton A.J. Duffy, Thor Erikson, Eduardo Espinoza, Luciana C. Ferreira, Francesco Ferretti, John D. Filmalter, G. Chris Fischer, Richard Fitzpatrick, Jorge Fontes, Fabien Forget, Mark Fowler, Malcolm P. Francis, Austin J. Gallagher, Enrico Gennari, Simon D. Goldsworthy, Matthew J. Gollock, Jonathan R. Green, Johan A. Gustafson, Tristan L. Guttridge, Hector M. Guzman, Neil Hammerschlag, Luke Harman, Fábio H.V. Hazin, Matthew Heard, Alex R. Hearn, John C. Holdsworth, Bonnie J. Holmes, Lucy A. Howey, Mauricio Hoyos, Robert E. Hueter, Nigel E. Hussey, Charlie Huveneers, Dylan T. Irion, David M.P. Jacoby, Oliver J.D. Jewell, Ryan Johnson, Lance K.B. Jordan, Salvador J. Jorgensen, Warren Joyce, Clare A. Keating Daly, James T. Ketchum, A. Peter Klimley, Alison A. Kock, Pieter Koen, Felipe Ladino, Fernanda O. Lana, James S.E. Lea, Fiona Llewellyn, Warrick S. Lyon, Anna MacDonnell, Bruno C.L. Macena, Heather Marshall, Jaime D. McAllister, Rory McAuley, Michael A. Meÿer, John J. Morris, Emily R. Nelson, Yannis P. Papastamatiou, Toby A. Patterson, Cesar Peñaherrera-Palma, Julian G. Pepperell, Simon J. Pierce, Francois Poisson, Lina Maria Quintero, Andrew J. Richardson, Paul J. Rogers, Christoph A. Rohner, David R.L. Rowat, Melita Samoilys, Jayson M. Semmens, Marcus Sheaves, George Shillinger, Mahmood Shivji, Sarika Singh, Gregory B. Skomal, Malcolm J. Smale, Laurenne B. Snyders, German Soler, Marc Soria, Kilian M. Stehfest, John D. Stevens, Simon R. Thorrold, Mariana T. Tolotti, Alison Towner, Paulo Travassos, John P. Tyminski, Frederic Vandeperre, Jeremy J. Vaudo, Yuuki Y. Watanabe, Sam B. Weber, Bradley M. Wetherbee, Timothy D. White, Sean Williams, Patricia M. Zárate, Robert Harcourt, Graeme C. Hays, Mark G. Meekan, Michele Thums, Xabier Irigoien, Victor M. Eguiluz, Carlos M. Duarte, Lara L. Sousa, Samantha J. Simpson, Emily J. Southall, David W. Sims

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Abstract

Effective ocean management and the conservation of highly migratory species depend on resolving the overlap between animal movements and distributions, and fishing effort. However, this information is lacking at a global scale. Here we show, using a big-data approach that combines satellite-tracked movements of pelagic sharks and global fishing fleets, that 24% of the mean monthly space used by sharks falls under the footprint of pelagic longline fisheries. Space-use hotspots of commercially valuable sharks and of internationally protected species had the highest overlap with longlines (up to 76% and 64%, respectively), and were also associated with significant increases in fishing effort. We conclude that pelagic sharks have limited spatial refuge from current levels of fishing effort in marine areas beyond national jurisdictions (the high seas). Our results demonstrate an urgent need for conservation and management measures at high-seas hotspots of shark space use, and highlight the potential of simultaneous satellite surveillance of megafauna and fishers as a tool for near-real-time, dynamic management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-466
JournalNature
Volume572
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Aug 2019

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Fisheries
Risk assessment
Conservation
Satellites
Animals

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Queiroz, N., Humphries, N. E., Couto, A., Vedor, M., da Costa, I., Sequeira, A. M. M., ... Sims, D. W. (2019). Global spatial risk assessment of sharks under the footprint of fisheries. Nature, 572, 461-466. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1444-4
Queiroz, Nuno ; Humphries, Nicolas E. ; Couto, Ana ; Vedor, Marisa ; da Costa, Ivo ; Sequeira, Ana M.M. ; Mucientes, Gonzalo ; Santos, António M. ; Abascal, Francisco J. ; Abercrombie, Debra L. ; Abrantes, Katya ; Acuña-Marrero, David ; Afonso, André S. ; Afonso, Pedro ; Anders, Darrell ; Araujo, Gonzalo ; Arauz, Randall ; Bach, Pascal ; Barnett, Adam ; Bernal, Diego ; Berumen, Michael L. ; Bessudo Lion, Sandra ; Bezerra, Natalia P.A. ; Blaison, Antonin V. ; Block, Barbara A. ; Bond, Mark E. ; Bonfil, Ramón ; Bradford, Russell W. ; Braun, Camrin D. ; Brooks, Edward J. ; Brooks, Annabelle ; Brown, Judith ; Bruce, Barry D. ; Byrne, Michael E. ; Campana, Steven E. ; Carlisle, Aaron B. ; Chapman, Demian D. ; Chapple, Taylor K. ; Chisholm, John ; Clarke, Christopher R. ; Clua, Eric G. ; Cochran, Jesse E.M. ; Crochelet, Estelle C. ; Dagorn, Laurent ; Daly, Ryan ; Cortés, Daniel Devia ; Doyle, Thomas K. ; Drew, Michael ; Duffy, Clinton A.J. ; Erikson, Thor ; Espinoza, Eduardo ; Ferreira, Luciana C. ; Ferretti, Francesco ; Filmalter, John D. ; Fischer, G. Chris ; Fitzpatrick, Richard ; Fontes, Jorge ; Forget, Fabien ; Fowler, Mark ; Francis, Malcolm P. ; Gallagher, Austin J. ; Gennari, Enrico ; Goldsworthy, Simon D. ; Gollock, Matthew J. ; Green, Jonathan R. ; Gustafson, Johan A. ; Guttridge, Tristan L. ; Guzman, Hector M. ; Hammerschlag, Neil ; Harman, Luke ; Hazin, Fábio H.V. ; Heard, Matthew ; Hearn, Alex R. ; Holdsworth, John C. ; Holmes, Bonnie J. ; Howey, Lucy A. ; Hoyos, Mauricio ; Hueter, Robert E. ; Hussey, Nigel E. ; Huveneers, Charlie ; Irion, Dylan T. ; Jacoby, David M.P. ; Jewell, Oliver J.D. ; Johnson, Ryan ; Jordan, Lance K.B. ; Jorgensen, Salvador J. ; Joyce, Warren ; Keating Daly, Clare A. ; Ketchum, James T. ; Klimley, A. Peter ; Kock, Alison A. ; Koen, Pieter ; Ladino, Felipe ; Lana, Fernanda O. ; Lea, James S.E. ; Llewellyn, Fiona ; Lyon, Warrick S. ; MacDonnell, Anna ; Macena, Bruno C.L. ; Marshall, Heather ; McAllister, Jaime D. ; McAuley, Rory ; Meÿer, Michael A. ; Morris, John J. ; Nelson, Emily R. ; Papastamatiou, Yannis P. ; Patterson, Toby A. ; Peñaherrera-Palma, Cesar ; Pepperell, Julian G. ; Pierce, Simon J. ; Poisson, Francois ; Quintero, Lina Maria ; Richardson, Andrew J. ; Rogers, Paul J. ; Rohner, Christoph A. ; Rowat, David R.L. ; Samoilys, Melita ; Semmens, Jayson M. ; Sheaves, Marcus ; Shillinger, George ; Shivji, Mahmood ; Singh, Sarika ; Skomal, Gregory B. ; Smale, Malcolm J. ; Snyders, Laurenne B. ; Soler, German ; Soria, Marc ; Stehfest, Kilian M. ; Stevens, John D. ; Thorrold, Simon R. ; Tolotti, Mariana T. ; Towner, Alison ; Travassos, Paulo ; Tyminski, John P. ; Vandeperre, Frederic ; Vaudo, Jeremy J. ; Watanabe, Yuuki Y. ; Weber, Sam B. ; Wetherbee, Bradley M. ; White, Timothy D. ; Williams, Sean ; Zárate, Patricia M. ; Harcourt, Robert ; Hays, Graeme C. ; Meekan, Mark G. ; Thums, Michele ; Irigoien, Xabier ; Eguiluz, Victor M. ; Duarte, Carlos M. ; Sousa, Lara L. ; Simpson, Samantha J. ; Southall, Emily J. ; Sims, David W. / Global spatial risk assessment of sharks under the footprint of fisheries. In: Nature. 2019 ; Vol. 572. pp. 461-466.
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title = "Global spatial risk assessment of sharks under the footprint of fisheries",
abstract = "Effective ocean management and the conservation of highly migratory species depend on resolving the overlap between animal movements and distributions, and fishing effort. However, this information is lacking at a global scale. Here we show, using a big-data approach that combines satellite-tracked movements of pelagic sharks and global fishing fleets, that 24{\%} of the mean monthly space used by sharks falls under the footprint of pelagic longline fisheries. Space-use hotspots of commercially valuable sharks and of internationally protected species had the highest overlap with longlines (up to 76{\%} and 64{\%}, respectively), and were also associated with significant increases in fishing effort. We conclude that pelagic sharks have limited spatial refuge from current levels of fishing effort in marine areas beyond national jurisdictions (the high seas). Our results demonstrate an urgent need for conservation and management measures at high-seas hotspots of shark space use, and highlight the potential of simultaneous satellite surveillance of megafauna and fishers as a tool for near-real-time, dynamic management.",
author = "Nuno Queiroz and Humphries, {Nicolas E.} and Ana Couto and Marisa Vedor and {da Costa}, Ivo and Sequeira, {Ana M.M.} and Gonzalo Mucientes and Santos, {Ant{\'o}nio M.} and Abascal, {Francisco J.} and Abercrombie, {Debra L.} and Katya Abrantes and David Acu{\~n}a-Marrero and Afonso, {Andr{\'e} S.} and Pedro Afonso and Darrell Anders and Gonzalo Araujo and Randall Arauz and Pascal Bach and Adam Barnett and Diego Bernal and Berumen, {Michael L.} and {Bessudo Lion}, Sandra and Bezerra, {Natalia P.A.} and Blaison, {Antonin V.} and Block, {Barbara A.} and Bond, {Mark E.} and Ram{\'o}n Bonfil and Bradford, {Russell W.} and Braun, {Camrin D.} and Brooks, {Edward J.} and Annabelle Brooks and Judith Brown and Bruce, {Barry D.} and Byrne, {Michael E.} and Campana, {Steven E.} and Carlisle, {Aaron B.} and Chapman, {Demian D.} and Chapple, {Taylor K.} and John Chisholm and Clarke, {Christopher R.} and Clua, {Eric G.} and Cochran, {Jesse E.M.} and Crochelet, {Estelle C.} and Laurent Dagorn and Ryan Daly and Cort{\'e}s, {Daniel Devia} and Doyle, {Thomas K.} and Michael Drew and Duffy, {Clinton A.J.} and Thor Erikson and Eduardo Espinoza and Ferreira, {Luciana C.} and Francesco Ferretti and Filmalter, {John D.} and Fischer, {G. Chris} and Richard Fitzpatrick and Jorge Fontes and Fabien Forget and Mark Fowler and Francis, {Malcolm P.} and Gallagher, {Austin J.} and Enrico Gennari and Goldsworthy, {Simon D.} and Gollock, {Matthew J.} and Green, {Jonathan R.} and Gustafson, {Johan A.} and Guttridge, {Tristan L.} and Guzman, {Hector M.} and Neil Hammerschlag and Luke Harman and Hazin, {F{\'a}bio H.V.} and Matthew Heard and Hearn, {Alex R.} and Holdsworth, {John C.} and Holmes, {Bonnie J.} and Howey, {Lucy A.} and Mauricio Hoyos and Hueter, {Robert E.} and Hussey, {Nigel E.} and Charlie Huveneers and Irion, {Dylan T.} and Jacoby, {David M.P.} and Jewell, {Oliver J.D.} and Ryan Johnson and Jordan, {Lance K.B.} and Jorgensen, {Salvador J.} and Warren Joyce and {Keating Daly}, {Clare A.} and Ketchum, {James T.} and Klimley, {A. Peter} and Kock, {Alison A.} and Pieter Koen and Felipe Ladino and Lana, {Fernanda O.} and Lea, {James S.E.} and Fiona Llewellyn and Lyon, {Warrick S.} and Anna MacDonnell and Macena, {Bruno C.L.} and Heather Marshall and McAllister, {Jaime D.} and Rory McAuley and Me{\"y}er, {Michael A.} and Morris, {John J.} and Nelson, {Emily R.} and Papastamatiou, {Yannis P.} and Patterson, {Toby A.} and Cesar Pe{\~n}aherrera-Palma and Pepperell, {Julian G.} and Pierce, {Simon J.} and Francois Poisson and Quintero, {Lina Maria} and Richardson, {Andrew J.} and Rogers, {Paul J.} and Rohner, {Christoph A.} and Rowat, {David R.L.} and Melita Samoilys and Semmens, {Jayson M.} and Marcus Sheaves and George Shillinger and Mahmood Shivji and Sarika Singh and Skomal, {Gregory B.} and Smale, {Malcolm J.} and Snyders, {Laurenne B.} and German Soler and Marc Soria and Stehfest, {Kilian M.} and Stevens, {John D.} and Thorrold, {Simon R.} and Tolotti, {Mariana T.} and Alison Towner and Paulo Travassos and Tyminski, {John P.} and Frederic Vandeperre and Vaudo, {Jeremy J.} and Watanabe, {Yuuki Y.} and Weber, {Sam B.} and Wetherbee, {Bradley M.} and White, {Timothy D.} and Sean Williams and Z{\'a}rate, {Patricia M.} and Robert Harcourt and Hays, {Graeme C.} and Meekan, {Mark G.} and Michele Thums and Xabier Irigoien and Eguiluz, {Victor M.} and Duarte, {Carlos M.} and Sousa, {Lara L.} and Simpson, {Samantha J.} and Southall, {Emily J.} and Sims, {David W.}",
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Queiroz, N, Humphries, NE, Couto, A, Vedor, M, da Costa, I, Sequeira, AMM, Mucientes, G, Santos, AM, Abascal, FJ, Abercrombie, DL, Abrantes, K, Acuña-Marrero, D, Afonso, AS, Afonso, P, Anders, D, Araujo, G, Arauz, R, Bach, P, Barnett, A, Bernal, D, Berumen, ML, Bessudo Lion, S, Bezerra, NPA, Blaison, AV, Block, BA, Bond, ME, Bonfil, R, Bradford, RW, Braun, CD, Brooks, EJ, Brooks, A, Brown, J, Bruce, BD, Byrne, ME, Campana, SE, Carlisle, AB, Chapman, DD, Chapple, TK, Chisholm, J, Clarke, CR, Clua, EG, Cochran, JEM, Crochelet, EC, Dagorn, L, Daly, R, Cortés, DD, Doyle, TK, Drew, M, Duffy, CAJ, Erikson, T, Espinoza, E, Ferreira, LC, Ferretti, F, Filmalter, JD, Fischer, GC, Fitzpatrick, R, Fontes, J, Forget, F, Fowler, M, Francis, MP, Gallagher, AJ, Gennari, E, Goldsworthy, SD, Gollock, MJ, Green, JR, Gustafson, JA, Guttridge, TL, Guzman, HM, Hammerschlag, N, Harman, L, Hazin, FHV, Heard, M, Hearn, AR, Holdsworth, JC, Holmes, BJ, Howey, LA, Hoyos, M, Hueter, RE, Hussey, NE, Huveneers, C, Irion, DT, Jacoby, DMP, Jewell, OJD, Johnson, R, Jordan, LKB, Jorgensen, SJ, Joyce, W, Keating Daly, CA, Ketchum, JT, Klimley, AP, Kock, AA, Koen, P, Ladino, F, Lana, FO, Lea, JSE, Llewellyn, F, Lyon, WS, MacDonnell, A, Macena, BCL, Marshall, H, McAllister, JD, McAuley, R, Meÿer, MA, Morris, JJ, Nelson, ER, Papastamatiou, YP, Patterson, TA, Peñaherrera-Palma, C, Pepperell, JG, Pierce, SJ, Poisson, F, Quintero, LM, Richardson, AJ, Rogers, PJ, Rohner, CA, Rowat, DRL, Samoilys, M, Semmens, JM, Sheaves, M, Shillinger, G, Shivji, M, Singh, S, Skomal, GB, Smale, MJ, Snyders, LB, Soler, G, Soria, M, Stehfest, KM, Stevens, JD, Thorrold, SR, Tolotti, MT, Towner, A, Travassos, P, Tyminski, JP, Vandeperre, F, Vaudo, JJ, Watanabe, YY, Weber, SB, Wetherbee, BM, White, TD, Williams, S, Zárate, PM, Harcourt, R, Hays, GC, Meekan, MG, Thums, M, Irigoien, X, Eguiluz, VM, Duarte, CM, Sousa, LL, Simpson, SJ, Southall, EJ & Sims, DW 2019, 'Global spatial risk assessment of sharks under the footprint of fisheries' Nature, vol. 572, pp. 461-466. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1444-4

Global spatial risk assessment of sharks under the footprint of fisheries. / Queiroz, Nuno; Humphries, Nicolas E.; Couto, Ana; Vedor, Marisa; da Costa, Ivo; Sequeira, Ana M.M.; Mucientes, Gonzalo; Santos, António M.; Abascal, Francisco J.; Abercrombie, Debra L.; Abrantes, Katya; Acuña-Marrero, David; Afonso, André S.; Afonso, Pedro; Anders, Darrell; Araujo, Gonzalo; Arauz, Randall; Bach, Pascal; Barnett, Adam; Bernal, Diego; Berumen, Michael L.; Bessudo Lion, Sandra; Bezerra, Natalia P.A.; Blaison, Antonin V.; Block, Barbara A.; Bond, Mark E.; Bonfil, Ramón; Bradford, Russell W.; Braun, Camrin D.; Brooks, Edward J.; Brooks, Annabelle; Brown, Judith; Bruce, Barry D.; Byrne, Michael E.; Campana, Steven E.; Carlisle, Aaron B.; Chapman, Demian D.; Chapple, Taylor K.; Chisholm, John; Clarke, Christopher R.; Clua, Eric G.; Cochran, Jesse E.M.; Crochelet, Estelle C.; Dagorn, Laurent; Daly, Ryan; Cortés, Daniel Devia; Doyle, Thomas K.; Drew, Michael; Duffy, Clinton A.J.; Erikson, Thor; Espinoza, Eduardo; Ferreira, Luciana C.; Ferretti, Francesco; Filmalter, John D.; Fischer, G. Chris; Fitzpatrick, Richard; Fontes, Jorge; Forget, Fabien; Fowler, Mark; Francis, Malcolm P.; Gallagher, Austin J.; Gennari, Enrico; Goldsworthy, Simon D.; Gollock, Matthew J.; Green, Jonathan R.; Gustafson, Johan A.; Guttridge, Tristan L.; Guzman, Hector M.; Hammerschlag, Neil; Harman, Luke; Hazin, Fábio H.V.; Heard, Matthew; Hearn, Alex R.; Holdsworth, John C.; Holmes, Bonnie J.; Howey, Lucy A.; Hoyos, Mauricio; Hueter, Robert E.; Hussey, Nigel E.; Huveneers, Charlie; Irion, Dylan T.; Jacoby, David M.P.; Jewell, Oliver J.D.; Johnson, Ryan; Jordan, Lance K.B.; Jorgensen, Salvador J.; Joyce, Warren; Keating Daly, Clare A.; Ketchum, James T.; Klimley, A. Peter; Kock, Alison A.; Koen, Pieter; Ladino, Felipe; Lana, Fernanda O.; Lea, James S.E.; Llewellyn, Fiona; Lyon, Warrick S.; MacDonnell, Anna; Macena, Bruno C.L.; Marshall, Heather; McAllister, Jaime D.; McAuley, Rory; Meÿer, Michael A.; Morris, John J.; Nelson, Emily R.; Papastamatiou, Yannis P.; Patterson, Toby A.; Peñaherrera-Palma, Cesar; Pepperell, Julian G.; Pierce, Simon J.; Poisson, Francois; Quintero, Lina Maria; Richardson, Andrew J.; Rogers, Paul J.; Rohner, Christoph A.; Rowat, David R.L.; Samoilys, Melita; Semmens, Jayson M.; Sheaves, Marcus; Shillinger, George; Shivji, Mahmood; Singh, Sarika; Skomal, Gregory B.; Smale, Malcolm J.; Snyders, Laurenne B.; Soler, German; Soria, Marc; Stehfest, Kilian M.; Stevens, John D.; Thorrold, Simon R.; Tolotti, Mariana T.; Towner, Alison; Travassos, Paulo; Tyminski, John P.; Vandeperre, Frederic; Vaudo, Jeremy J.; Watanabe, Yuuki Y.; Weber, Sam B.; Wetherbee, Bradley M.; White, Timothy D.; Williams, Sean; Zárate, Patricia M.; Harcourt, Robert; Hays, Graeme C.; Meekan, Mark G.; Thums, Michele; Irigoien, Xabier; Eguiluz, Victor M.; Duarte, Carlos M.; Sousa, Lara L.; Simpson, Samantha J.; Southall, Emily J.; Sims, David W.

In: Nature, Vol. 572, 22.08.2019, p. 461-466.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Global spatial risk assessment of sharks under the footprint of fisheries

AU - Queiroz, Nuno

AU - Humphries, Nicolas E.

AU - Couto, Ana

AU - Vedor, Marisa

AU - da Costa, Ivo

AU - Sequeira, Ana M.M.

AU - Mucientes, Gonzalo

AU - Santos, António M.

AU - Abascal, Francisco J.

AU - Abercrombie, Debra L.

AU - Abrantes, Katya

AU - Acuña-Marrero, David

AU - Afonso, André S.

AU - Afonso, Pedro

AU - Anders, Darrell

AU - Araujo, Gonzalo

AU - Arauz, Randall

AU - Bach, Pascal

AU - Barnett, Adam

AU - Bernal, Diego

AU - Berumen, Michael L.

AU - Bessudo Lion, Sandra

AU - Bezerra, Natalia P.A.

AU - Blaison, Antonin V.

AU - Block, Barbara A.

AU - Bond, Mark E.

AU - Bonfil, Ramón

AU - Bradford, Russell W.

AU - Braun, Camrin D.

AU - Brooks, Edward J.

AU - Brooks, Annabelle

AU - Brown, Judith

AU - Bruce, Barry D.

AU - Byrne, Michael E.

AU - Campana, Steven E.

AU - Carlisle, Aaron B.

AU - Chapman, Demian D.

AU - Chapple, Taylor K.

AU - Chisholm, John

AU - Clarke, Christopher R.

AU - Clua, Eric G.

AU - Cochran, Jesse E.M.

AU - Crochelet, Estelle C.

AU - Dagorn, Laurent

AU - Daly, Ryan

AU - Cortés, Daniel Devia

AU - Doyle, Thomas K.

AU - Drew, Michael

AU - Duffy, Clinton A.J.

AU - Erikson, Thor

AU - Espinoza, Eduardo

AU - Ferreira, Luciana C.

AU - Ferretti, Francesco

AU - Filmalter, John D.

AU - Fischer, G. Chris

AU - Fitzpatrick, Richard

AU - Fontes, Jorge

AU - Forget, Fabien

AU - Fowler, Mark

AU - Francis, Malcolm P.

AU - Gallagher, Austin J.

AU - Gennari, Enrico

AU - Goldsworthy, Simon D.

AU - Gollock, Matthew J.

AU - Green, Jonathan R.

AU - Gustafson, Johan A.

AU - Guttridge, Tristan L.

AU - Guzman, Hector M.

AU - Hammerschlag, Neil

AU - Harman, Luke

AU - Hazin, Fábio H.V.

AU - Heard, Matthew

AU - Hearn, Alex R.

AU - Holdsworth, John C.

AU - Holmes, Bonnie J.

AU - Howey, Lucy A.

AU - Hoyos, Mauricio

AU - Hueter, Robert E.

AU - Hussey, Nigel E.

AU - Huveneers, Charlie

AU - Irion, Dylan T.

AU - Jacoby, David M.P.

AU - Jewell, Oliver J.D.

AU - Johnson, Ryan

AU - Jordan, Lance K.B.

AU - Jorgensen, Salvador J.

AU - Joyce, Warren

AU - Keating Daly, Clare A.

AU - Ketchum, James T.

AU - Klimley, A. Peter

AU - Kock, Alison A.

AU - Koen, Pieter

AU - Ladino, Felipe

AU - Lana, Fernanda O.

AU - Lea, James S.E.

AU - Llewellyn, Fiona

AU - Lyon, Warrick S.

AU - MacDonnell, Anna

AU - Macena, Bruno C.L.

AU - Marshall, Heather

AU - McAllister, Jaime D.

AU - McAuley, Rory

AU - Meÿer, Michael A.

AU - Morris, John J.

AU - Nelson, Emily R.

AU - Papastamatiou, Yannis P.

AU - Patterson, Toby A.

AU - Peñaherrera-Palma, Cesar

AU - Pepperell, Julian G.

AU - Pierce, Simon J.

AU - Poisson, Francois

AU - Quintero, Lina Maria

AU - Richardson, Andrew J.

AU - Rogers, Paul J.

AU - Rohner, Christoph A.

AU - Rowat, David R.L.

AU - Samoilys, Melita

AU - Semmens, Jayson M.

AU - Sheaves, Marcus

AU - Shillinger, George

AU - Shivji, Mahmood

AU - Singh, Sarika

AU - Skomal, Gregory B.

AU - Smale, Malcolm J.

AU - Snyders, Laurenne B.

AU - Soler, German

AU - Soria, Marc

AU - Stehfest, Kilian M.

AU - Stevens, John D.

AU - Thorrold, Simon R.

AU - Tolotti, Mariana T.

AU - Towner, Alison

AU - Travassos, Paulo

AU - Tyminski, John P.

AU - Vandeperre, Frederic

AU - Vaudo, Jeremy J.

AU - Watanabe, Yuuki Y.

AU - Weber, Sam B.

AU - Wetherbee, Bradley M.

AU - White, Timothy D.

AU - Williams, Sean

AU - Zárate, Patricia M.

AU - Harcourt, Robert

AU - Hays, Graeme C.

AU - Meekan, Mark G.

AU - Thums, Michele

AU - Irigoien, Xabier

AU - Eguiluz, Victor M.

AU - Duarte, Carlos M.

AU - Sousa, Lara L.

AU - Simpson, Samantha J.

AU - Southall, Emily J.

AU - Sims, David W.

PY - 2019/8/22

Y1 - 2019/8/22

N2 - Effective ocean management and the conservation of highly migratory species depend on resolving the overlap between animal movements and distributions, and fishing effort. However, this information is lacking at a global scale. Here we show, using a big-data approach that combines satellite-tracked movements of pelagic sharks and global fishing fleets, that 24% of the mean monthly space used by sharks falls under the footprint of pelagic longline fisheries. Space-use hotspots of commercially valuable sharks and of internationally protected species had the highest overlap with longlines (up to 76% and 64%, respectively), and were also associated with significant increases in fishing effort. We conclude that pelagic sharks have limited spatial refuge from current levels of fishing effort in marine areas beyond national jurisdictions (the high seas). Our results demonstrate an urgent need for conservation and management measures at high-seas hotspots of shark space use, and highlight the potential of simultaneous satellite surveillance of megafauna and fishers as a tool for near-real-time, dynamic management.

AB - Effective ocean management and the conservation of highly migratory species depend on resolving the overlap between animal movements and distributions, and fishing effort. However, this information is lacking at a global scale. Here we show, using a big-data approach that combines satellite-tracked movements of pelagic sharks and global fishing fleets, that 24% of the mean monthly space used by sharks falls under the footprint of pelagic longline fisheries. Space-use hotspots of commercially valuable sharks and of internationally protected species had the highest overlap with longlines (up to 76% and 64%, respectively), and were also associated with significant increases in fishing effort. We conclude that pelagic sharks have limited spatial refuge from current levels of fishing effort in marine areas beyond national jurisdictions (the high seas). Our results demonstrate an urgent need for conservation and management measures at high-seas hotspots of shark space use, and highlight the potential of simultaneous satellite surveillance of megafauna and fishers as a tool for near-real-time, dynamic management.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85070270801&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/s41586-019-1444-4

DO - 10.1038/s41586-019-1444-4

M3 - Article

VL - 572

SP - 461

EP - 466

JO - Nature

JF - Nature

SN - 0028-0836

ER -

Queiroz N, Humphries NE, Couto A, Vedor M, da Costa I, Sequeira AMM et al. Global spatial risk assessment of sharks under the footprint of fisheries. Nature. 2019 Aug 22;572:461-466. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1444-4