Incomplete participation and slow implementation of carbon mitigation policies following climate change negotiations suggest the absence of global low-carbon equilibria. In this thesis a new integrated assessment model is introduced that is combined with a meta-analysis of warming costs to identify such equilibria. China, the US, and Europe are shown to have unilateral interests in mitigation and side payments fostering global participation are affordable, but costs are front loaded making the politics difficult. While clean energy technology encourages mitigation policy free riding, it reduces global emissions. These contrasts are examined in detail globally and for Indonesia as a free-riding state.
|Qualification||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Award date||3 Apr 2019|
|Publication status||Unpublished - 2018|