Glass fibre-reinforced polymer circular alkali-activated fly ash/slag concrete members under combined loading

Minhao Dong, Mohamed Elchalakani, Ali Karrech, Thong M. Pham, Bo Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Glass fibre reinforced polymer (GFRP) reinforced alkali-activated fly ash/slag concrete (AAFS) could potentially be used as a durable construction material, especially in aggressive environments. This study aims to examine the structural behaviour of circular GFRP-reinforced AAFS members under combined loading, and introduces a geometrical factor for predicting the load and moment interaction of circular members. A total of 17 reinforced AAFS columns and beams (14 with longitudinal GFRP bars and 3 with steel bars) was constructed. GFRP spirals were used in all the specimens as transverse reinforcement. The effect of the number of longitudinal bars, the spiral pitch, the material of longitudinal bars and load eccentricities on confinement, load and moment capacity and failure modes was investigated. The GFRP reinforcement resulted in slightly reduced load capacities of 10%, however with an average improved ductility of 24% compared to steel reinforcement. The confinement was found to be affected by a combination of longitudinal and transverse reinforcement. The differences in load capacities between columns with 40 mm and 80 mm spiral pitches gradually diminished as the eccentricity increased. Interaction diagrams were constructed and validated based on the experimental data. The introduced geometrical factor could be used safely and effectively to obtain the equivalent stress block of circular sections. The calculation with a smaller stress block factor was the most accurate to the experimental results of AAFS members due to their reduced stress block size.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109598
JournalEngineering Structures
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2019


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