Geology and ore genesis of the Yu'erya gold deposit, eastern Hebei Province, China

C. Liu, F. Nie, Leon Bagas

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    11 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2015 Elsevier B.V. The large Yu'erya gold deposit (65t of contained gold averaging 2.3g/t Au) in the eastern part of the Hebei Province of China is spatially associated with the Yu'erya Granite, and a group of NE- and NNE-trending faults. The alteration associated with mineralization is characterized by the assemblage pyrite, quartz, sericite, albite, and carbonate. Four stages of mineralization, in chronological order, are (1) quartz and medium- to coarse-grained pyrite; (2) quartz, fine-grained pyrite, and gold; (3) quartz, polymetallic sulfide, tellurobismuthite, and gold; and (4) quartz, pyrite, and carbonate. Most of the gold was deposited during the second and third stages of alteration from mesothermal fluids. These fluids were relatively rich in H2O, CO2, K+, Ca2+, Cl, and S, and low salinity. The H-O and sulfur isotope ratios determined for the mineralized samples indicate a magmatic source, and the Pb isotope data indicate that the Au mineralization originated from the mantle and lower crustal materials. Geochronological data indicate that the gold mineralization event was restricted to 200-163Ma whereas the associated magmatism occurred between 200 and 150Ma. This Mesozoic gold mineralization is related to the subduction of the Mongolia-Okhotsk and Paleo-Pacific oceans along the edges of the North China Craton.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)270-283
    Number of pages14
    JournalOre Geology Reviews
    Volume73
    Early online date19 Mar 2015
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016

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